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# Utility

### Marginal Utility a) Given that Bill can consume only 167 grams of carbohydrates daily, how many cups of each food will he consume daily? Show your work. b) Suppose Bill's doctor tells him to further reduce his carbohydrate intake to 126 grams per day. What combination will he consume?

Need help please! And please give me an interpretation or explanation of the problem so I can understand. Thanks. Suppose Bill is on a low-carbohydrate diet. He can eat only three foods: Rice Krispies, cottage cheese, and popcorn. The marginal utilities for each food are tabulated below. Bill is allowed only 167 grams of carb

### Need to know the slope and show in a graph

Bridget has a limited income and consumes only wine and cheese; her current consumption choice is four bottles of wine and 10 pounds of cheese. The price of wine is \$10 per bottle, and the price of cheese is \$4 per pound. The last bottle of wine added 50 units to Bridgetâ??s utility, while the last pound of cheese added 40 un

### Goals of unions and trade offs with wages and employment (a) Explain, each of the goals of a union that can be addressed by 6.1 (attached). (b) Outline the arguments in relation to union utility maximization by explaining the construction of figure 6.3 (attached) (c) Use a modification of 6.3 to explain if unions can be expected to differ from each other in their goals. (d) By using figure 6.4 (attached) address the last part of the question being careful to explain why workers under the conditions represented by this diagram are likely to be exploited.

Figure 6.1 is used to analyse the goals of a union (in terms of wage goals and employment goals) and figure 6.3 is used to provide an explanation union utility maximization when choosing between the goals employment and wages. Question I want to be able to explain why unions are likely to differ from each other in the goa

### Indirect Utility: Applying Cobb-Douglas

An indirect utility function is, among other properties, zero-degree homogeneous in the prices and nominal income. That is, if you scale up each price and nominal income in the same positive proportion t, indirect utility remains unchanged. Explain why this is true. (Hint: real income remains constant). Now demonstrate t

### economists' model of individual choice

Using the economists' model of individual choice (comparing the marginal costs and marginal benefits of a choice, incorporating the level of satisfaction or "utility" we derive from the choice, and considering the relative MU/P of a good we buy to that of another), choose, and explain your motivation for four personal decisions

### Diminishing marginal utility

Prove that a diminishing marginal rate of substitution neither implies nor is implied by diminishing marginal utility.

### The Concept of Utility

What does the concept of utility mean to you?

### Price change and substitution vs income effect; the principle of diminishing marginal utility explained; and the relationship between the ratio of marginal utility and the price of each good consumed in consumer equilibrium.

1) Explain how a price change is affected by (a) the substitution effect, (b) the income effect. 2) If someone is very thirsty and drinks five glasses of water, explain how the principle of the diminishing marginal utility is related to drinking each glass of water. 3) Explain the relationship between the ratio of marginal

### Health insurance

1. Joe is currently unemployed and without health insurance coverage. He derives utility (U) from his interest income on his savings (Y) according to the following function: U = 5(Y1/2) Joe presently makes about \$40,000 of interest income per year. He realizes that there is about a 5 percent probability that he may suffer

### UTILITY

5. Use consumer theory (i.e. indifference curves and budget constraints), where the usual assumptions apply, to illustrate the following: Assume the individualâ??s utility is an increasing function of medical goods (m) and all other goods (X). That is, Utility =U (m,x) where delta u/delta m >0, delta u/delta x >0 , and

### Consumer surplus, marginal utility, and market demand

Define consumer surplus. Explain relationship between consumer surplus, marginal utility, and market demand. PLEASE DO NOT CITE WIKIPEDIA, ENCARTA, OR WORLDBOOK FOR REFERENCES

### Explain the difference between utility maximization from the consumption of a free good versus a good that is not free.

Explain the difference between utility maximization from the consumption of a free good versus a good that is not free.

### Calculating the Equivalent Annual Worth

A rural utility company provides standby power to pumping stations using diesel-powered generators. An alternative has arisen whereby the utility could use a combination of wind and solar power to run its generators, but it will be a few years before the alternative energy systems are available. The utility estimates that the ne

### Determine marginal utility

Suppose the following table reflects total satisfaction (utility) derived from eating pizza... a. What is the marginal utility of each pizza? b. What causes the marginal utility to diminish? Please show work.

### Marginal Utility: Utility-Maximizing Choice

Bridget has a limited income and consumes only wine and cheese, her current consumption choice is four bottles of wine and 10 pounds of cheese. The price of the wine is \$10 per bottle, and the price of cheese is \$4 per pound. The last bottle of wine added 50 units to Bridget's utility, while the last pound of cheese added 40 u

### Economics: Utility Function

** Please see the attached file for a PDF formatted copy of the problem description ** Two consumers each have an income of \$300, with which they buy good X (costing \$5) and good Y (costing \$4). If A's preferences are given by U_A = X^2 Y and B's preferences are given by U_B = X(Y+100), what is the optimal amounts of X and Y

### Income & Substitution Effects of Pepsi and Coca-Cola Pricing

What would be the consumer buying response to Coca-Cola if the price of Pepsi doubled? If the prices of Coca-Cola and Pepsi remained constant, what would be the consumer's typical buying response to these products if their income was reduced by 30%? Suppose all carbonated beverages tripled in price. How would the concep

### Stocks/Bonds/ Annuities

Please see the attachment. Mark Goldsmith's broker has shown him two bonds. Each hasa maturity of 5 years, a par value of \$1,000.00, and a yield rate to maturity of 12%. Bond A has coupon interest rate of 6% paid annually. Bond B has a coupon interest rate of 14% paid annually. A. Calculate the selling price for each

### Total Utiliilty and Marginal Utility

Using the following information, calculate total utility and marginal utility. A. Plot the total utility curve B. Plot marginal utility directly below total utility C. At what marginal utility value does total utility reach at maximum? Number of utils for the first unit 300 Number of utils for the second unit

### Quantities to Maximize Utility

You are choosing between two goods, X and Y, and your marginal utility from each is as shown below. if your income is \$9 and the price of X and Y are \$2 and \$1, respectively, Units of X Marginal Utility for X 1 10

### Utility Function and Expected Profit

A manager has a utility function U = C 0.5 if she does not work hard and U = C 0.5 - 3 if she does. Expected profit will increase from 1,000 to 1,500 if she works hard. The manager receives compensation C equal to 144 plus a portion x of any profit in excess of 1,000. What is the value of x that will make the manager indifferent

### Utility Function- Shirking and Working Hard

A manager has a utility function U = C 0.5 if she does not work hard and U = C 0.5 - 1 if she does. Expected profit will increase from 1,400 to 1,600 if she works hard. The manager receives compensation C equal to 82 plus a portion x of any profit in excess of 1,400. What is the value of x that will make the manager indifferent

### If you take away \$1 from a rich person and give it to a poor person, the rich person loses less utility than the poor person gains. Agree or disagree. Defend your answer with economic principles and the reasons why.

If you take away \$1 from a rich person and give it to a poor person, the rich person loses less utility than the poor person gains. Agree or disagree. Defend your answer with economic principles and the reasons why.

In state of nature 1 the individual has income w, whereas in state of nature 2 the individual's income is y < w. The probabilities that these states will occur are (1 - p) and p, respectively. The individual can purchase insurance before the state of nature is known; an increase in income of s in state 2 can be purchased by a re

### Utility Maximization: Example Problem

Your bank is developing a marketing campaign to appeal to new customers. In a meeting, your manager asked the following question: "Do individuals have any other economic responsibility rather than to maximize their own utility?" How would you respond to this question? How might the bank tie in the concept of utility maximization

### Utility and Marginality

The concept of utility and marginal utility can also be applied to income. Please read a summary of three political philosphies in Section 3: The Political Philosphy of Redistribution Income Utilitarianism was founded by the English philosophers John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Liberalism was developed by John Rawls (1971

### Solving Utility Maximization Problems

Sam enjoys collecting old editions of microeconomic theory books. Unfortunately, he has no income from employment, but he does accept bags of trash to be buried in his yard for a fee. Suppose the price of each old edition microeonomic book is \$2, and San charges \$1 for each bag of trash. Sam's utility is given by: U = min(2B, 20

### Utility Maximization and Consumption

Bridget has a limited income and consumes only wine and cheese; her current consumption choice is four bottles of wine and 10 pounds of cheese. The price of wine is \$10 per bottle, and the price of cheese is \$4 per pound. The last bottle of wine added 50 units to Bridget's utility, while the last pound of cheese added 40 units

### Review questions

73. Joseph Gallo relates that he poured two glasses of wine from the same bottle and put a price of 10 cents a bottle on one and 5 cents a bottle on the other. He let people test both and asked them which they wanted. Most wanted the 10-cent bottle, even though they were the same one. a. What does it tell us about people? b. Ca

### Roy's Identity and Slutsky Equation

Economics Problem: Prove Roy's identity and use it to derive and interpret the Slutsky equation. Make sure to show all of your work.