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# Macroeconomics

### Hasbro

3.If you were an economist for Mattel, manufacturer of the doll Barbie, which was making an unsolicited bid to take over Hasbro, manufacturer of G.I. Joe, would you argue that the relevant market is dolls, preschool toys, or all toys including video games? Why? Would your answer change if you were working for Hasbro?

### National Output Domestic Spending

If national output Y=1000 and domestic spending on all domestic and foreign goods and services equals 900, net exports (NX) will be _________________. Explain. Thanks for your help!

### Price Ceilings and the marginal rate of substitution

1. What entity establishes a price ceiling and does it require government sanction for violators? Will it result in a surplus or a shortage? 2.Does the marginal rate of substitution increase or decrease as a point moves downward and to the right along a given indifference curve?

### Calculating the Rate of Growth of Per Capita Real GDP

The annual rate of growth of real GDP in a developing nation is 0.3 percent. Initially, the countries' population was stable from year to year. Recently, however, a significant increase in the nation's birth rate has raised the annual rate of population growth to 0.5 percent. Answer the following questions: What was the ra

### How Interest Rates Affect Long and Short Term Bond Prices

"The values of outstanding bonds change whenever the going rate of interest changes. In general, short-term interest rages are more volatile than long-term interest rates. Therefore, short-term bond prices are more sensitive to interest rate changes than are long-term bond prices" Is this statement true or false? Please explain

### Underinvestment in Education

"Why is it likely that in a system of private education (i.e., a system in which individuals pay for their own education) there will be underinvestment in education? *Remember, education, likes yard work, provides additional social benefit to the society."

### Total Profit Maximization - Dairy Farm Company

I'm having problems figuring out how to graph the attached problem. I know it must include product transformation curves, with total cost points, as well as total revenue lines. I'm just very confused about how to even get started. I need some guidance.

### quantity theory of money

Suppose that the quantity of money in circulation is fixed but the income of velocity of money doubles. If the real GDP remains at its long run potential level, what happens to the equilibrium price level? Stays the same doubles triples quadruple

### Finding the Multiplier

Given an increase in spending of \$1,000, and a Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) of 80% (8/10), what would be the total increase in the GDP (as a result of the Multiplier?) What would the Multiplier be? Please show all work to help me clearly understand this problem.

### Total Sunk Cost and the Total Opportunity Cost

Dave is employed by a company that currently pays him \$65,000 per year. He owns a new car that he bought for cash of \$32,500. Dave is thinking about returning to school to obtain a law degree. Tuition for the school he wants to attend is \$28,000 per year, books average \$1,350 per year, and room and board average \$12,550 per year

### The consumer's utility function is U=4 square root of X1 + X2.

10. The consumer's utility function is U=4 square root of X1 + X2. This means that the MRS at the bundle (x1, x2) is 2/square root of X1. Show that the individual's indifference curves have the diminishing MRS property.

### Demand Curve Described Equations

The demand for a shake at a Juice Shop can be described by the equation: Q= 1000- 240P + 80N, where Q denotes the number of shakes sold per day, P is the shakes price and N is the price of a shake at a nearby cafe. a. How many shakes will be sold if P=\$1.50 and N= \$1.20? b. Write down the equation for the firm's demand curve f

### For each of the following equations, graph the line and calculate its slope.

For each of the following equations, graph the line and calculate its slope. A) P = 10-2Qd ( Put Qd on the X-axis) B) P = 100-4Qd ( Put Qd on the X axis) C) P = 50+6Qs ( Put Qs on the x axis) D) I = 10,000-500r ( Put I on the x axis)

### Calculate the Real GDP in Each Year

Calculate the real GDP in each year, assuming that the nominal GDP was \$559 billion in the base year, \$577 billion in year one, and \$605 billion in year two; and that the price index rose from 100 to 104.5 in the first year, and up to 108.3 in the second year. If the price index 20 years before the base year was 41.2, and the no

### The equation for the required rate of return on an individual stock given by the Capital Asset Pricing Model is

The equation for the required rate of return on an individual stock given by the Capital Asset Pricing Model is kj = Rf + á(Rf - km) kj = Rf - á(km - Rf) kj = Rf + á(km - Rf) kj = km + á(km - kf)

### The practice by a monopolist of charging each buyer the highest price he/she is willing to pay is called

The practice by a monopolist of charging each buyer the highest price he/she is willing to pay is called first-degree discrimination. second-degree discrimination. third-degree discrimination. fourth-degree discrimination

### Forecasting

Among the advantages of the _____________ technique of forecasting are ease of calculation, relatively little requirement for analytical skills, and the ability to provide the analyst with information regarding the statistical significance of results and the size of statistical errors. least-squares trend analysis

### When the consumption of chicken increases following an increase in the price of beef, the two products can be considered to be

When the consumption of chicken (whose price has not changed) increases following an increase in the price of beef, the two products can be considered to be complements substitutes unrelated correlated

### Reinvestment under IRR

When two mutually exclusive projects are considered, the NPV calculations and the IRR calculations may, under certain circumstances, give conflicting recommendations as to which project to accept. The reason for this result is that in the NPV calculation, cash inflows are assumed to be reinvested at the cost of capital, while i

### If a firm finds itself operating in Stage I, it implies that

If a firm finds itself operating in Stage I, it implies that variable inputs are extremely expensive it over-invested in fixed capacity it under-invested in fixed capacity fixed inputs are extremely expensive

### Probability types

Probabilities, which are based on past data or experience, are called a. a priori. b. objective. c. uncertain. d. statistical.

### The internal rate of return of a project can be found

The internal rate of return of a project can be found a. by discounting all cash flows at the cost of capital. b. by averaging all cash inflows, and calculating the interest rate, which will make them equal to the average investment. c. by calculating the interest rate, which will equate the present value of

### Tying Arrangement Substitutions

A tying arrangement exists when a. a company sells two products that are substitutes for one another. b. a company requires that a customer tie itself down by signing a long-term purchasing agreement. c. a buyer is required to buy both a specific product and its complementary product from the same supplier. d. a company

### Please explain what the concept of mutual interdependence among oligopolists is.

Please explain what the concept of mutual interdependence among oligopolists is.

### What is the grim trigger strategy, and how does it solve the Prisoner's Dilemma in repeated games?

A. What is the grim trigger strategy, and how does it solve the Prisoner's Dilemma in repeated games? b. Under what circumstances is it likely to fail?

### Monopolistically Competitive Firm

In the long run, the most helpful action that a monopolistically competitive firm can take to maintain its economic profit is to a. continue its efforts to differentiate its product. b. raise its price. c. lower its price. d. do nothing, because it will inevitably experience a decline in profits.

### Adverse Selection versus Moral Hazard Incentive Problem

WHich of the following is an example of an adverse selection problem and which is a moral hazard incentive problem? In each case, give one method that the restaurant might use to reduce the problem 1) A restaurant decided to offer an all-you-can-eat buffet that is sold for a fixed price. The restaurant discovers that the cust

### perfectly competitive firm's short run cost

Assume a perfectly competitive firm's short run cost is TC = 100 + 160Q + 3Q2. If the market price is \$196, what should it do? a. produce 5 units and continue operating b. produce 6 units and continue operating c. produce zero units (i.e., shut down) d. cannot be determined from the above information

### A firm that seeks to maximize its revenue is most likely to adhere to which of the following?

A firm that seeks to maximize its revenue is most likely to adhere to which of the following? a. MR = MC b. MR = 0 c. MR = P d. MR < MC

### In economic analysis, any amount of profit earned above zero is considered "above normal" because

In economic analysis, any amount of profit earned above zero is considered "above normal" because a. normally firms are supposed to earn zero profit. b. this would indicate that the firm's revenue exceeded both its accounting and opportunity cost. c.this would indicate that the firm was at least earning a profit equal t