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    Nutritional and Health Choices for Disease Reduction

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    1)What nutritional choices can an individual make to reduce his or her chances of developing heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, or influenza? Give examples to explain for each disease.

    2)Is the United States a healthy nation? Provide supportive statements for your position

    3)What is the role of government in reducing chronic disease?
    What are some of the costs to society as a result of the high rates of cancer and heart disease in the United States?

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    Solution Preview

    Nutritional choices an individual can make to reduce his or her chances of developing heart disease are to choose heart-healthy foods. Food products from animals contain cholesterol. Meats, poultry, shellfish, eggs, butter, cheese and whole or two percent milk is noteworthy animal products. Foods that have saturated fats and trans fats cam cause the body to make cholesterol.

    The American Heart Association recommends fat consumption between 25 percent and 35 percent. Total saturated fat consumption should be less than seven percent intake from trans fat to less than 1 percent of total daily calories.

    Limiting cholesterol from food to less than 300 mg per day is recommended. People with high LDL, the bad blood cholesterol levels, are those who are taking cholesterol medication should consume less than 200 mg of cholesterol per day.

    Eating at least 25 to 30 grams of dietary fiber each day; preferably from whole grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes is recommended.

    Limiting sodium to 2,300 mg or less per day (certain groups, 1,500 mg per day) to reduce high blood pressure, is recommended. Drinking alcohol in moderation (no more than one drink a day for women, no more than two for men) is recommended by the AHA.

    In a heart-healthy a diet is rich in vegetables and fruits, with whole grains, high-fiber foods, lean meats and poultry, fish at least twice a week, and fat-free or 1 percent fat dairy products. Also, the diet should be low in saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol.

    Nutritional choices an ...

    Solution Summary

    Chronic disease reduction with proper diet and lifestyle choices