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Choices Made in Childhood Impact Health in Adulthood

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How does choices we make in our younger years influence health later in life? Give 3 examples.
What can influence a chronic disease to become fatal? Give at least 3 examples.

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Let's take a closer look at these interesting questions.

1. How does choices we make in our younger years influence health later in life? Give 3 examples.

Three choices in our early life that influence health later in life are diet and nutrition, environmental exposures (lead, etc.), and sedentary lifestyle.

Diet and Nutrition:

For example, recent studies have shown that undernutrition has a whole range of effects that impede not only children's nutrition and development in the short term, but also their cognitive abilities and productivity in adulthood, with measurable economic impacts. They have also shown that the window of opportunity for addressing child nutritional needs in ways that produce healthy, productive adults lasts from conception through age two. After that, the effects of undernutrition are largely irreversible. (http://www.ifpri.org/pubs/bp/bp008.asp). In one study, only children who were obese at 13 showed an increased risk of obesity as adults (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=60301).

In another study, "fully 15 percent of youth are overweight by the time they reach adulthood, a rate that has increased by 50 percent since 1990 and is associated with the increasing blood pressure of U.S. ...

Solution Summary

Through discussion and examples, this solution discusses how the health choices that a person makes in younger years influence health later in life, as well as the factors that can influence a chronic disease to become fatal.

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Nutrition - Health and Weight of Children and Teens, Breastfeeding, Nutrient Requirements

1. Identify at least 2 influences that are affecting the health and weight of children and teens.

2. What are 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages of breast feeding and formula feeding? (You will have a total of 8 answers.)

3. Describe the "Division of Responsibility Theory" and relate how the concepts may help in handling picky eaters.

4. Describe the nutrient requirements for the following life stage groups: (Note which nutrients have higher or lower recommendations.)

Adolescent boys
Adolescent girls


a. Premature infants have different nutrient needs from term infants.
True or False, Why?

b. A newborn has the highest energy and protein needs (per unit of body weight) than any other life cycle. True or False, Why?

c. Adding cereal to a 2 month old infant's bottle is recommended, and will help him sleep better at night. True or False, Why?

d. Putting a baby to bed with a bottle is a good way to make sure they will not be hungry during the night. True or False, Why?

e. Overweight women who get pregnant should not gain any additional weight. True or False, Why?

f. Pregnant teens have higher nutrient needs than pregnant adults. True or False, Why?

g. Breastmilk is better than infant formula. True or False, Why?

h. Women need nutritional supplements to meet their needs during pregnancy. True or False, Why?

I. Consuming alcohol after the third month of pregnancy has no ill effects on the fetus. True or False, Why?

j. Breastfed babies should be given bottles for the first few days of life because the mother's first milk is thin and watery and low in nutrients. True or False, Why?

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