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Acute and Chronic Diseases: Risk Factors and Prevention

What are some signs and symptoms of acute diseases?

What can influence a chronic disease to become fatal?

If we have the knowledge of risk factors and approaches to risk reduction, why do people continue making unhealthy choices?

How can we (as a class) encourage people to change their behaviors?

How do choices we make in our younger years influence health later in life?

Solution Preview

Please see response attached (see below as well). I hope this helps and take care.

RESPONSE:

1. What are some signs and symptoms of acute diseases?

An Acute disease is defined as a short-term illness whether mild or fatal. A cold is an acute disease, as is influenza.
healthyamericans.org/docs/. In general, signs and symptoms are: comes on suddenly, of short duration, i.e. less than three months in duration, can be either mild or fatal.

Another example of an acute respiratory disease, which is a sudden condition, with signs and symptoms such as breathing is difficult and the oxygen levels in the blood abruptly drop lower than normal. http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=10174

2. What can influence a chronic disease to become fatal?

In medicine, a persistent and lasting condition is said to be chronic (from Greek chronos). For example, a chronic illness is one that persists for a long time, usually more than three months. By analogy, this adjective has come to describe problems which cannot be solved in a short time, or which will recur regardless of action.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronic_disease

Both heredity and the environmental factors influence whether a chronic disease becomes fatal. The latter include such things as diet, i.e., eating a diet high in saturated fats when you have heart disease, lifestyle, i.e., high levels of alcohol consumption when you have diabetes or continuing to smoke when you have asthma, and other environmental stresses, i.e. stress levels, high level of toxins, water pollutions, etc. Heredity also plays a factor, as it is a well known fact that if your family gene pool is such that people die young from the same chronic ...

Solution Summary

This solution identifies some of the signs and symptoms of acute diseases as well as the risk factors that can influence a chronic disease to become fatal. It then explains the paradoxical question: If we have the knowledge of risk factors and approaches to risk reduction, why do people continue making unhealthy choices? Strategies for encouraging people to change their behaviors are explained as well as the implications of our earlier life choices on our health in later years.

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