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Impact of Preventable Diseases

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Discuss the human/behavioral and economic impact of preventable diseases in the U.S. and how disease management programs may be beneficial in these cases. Discuss how disease management programs may help to guide in the care of chronic disease and improve quality of care of patients. Include two APA citations

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Consider the implications for a patient who has a chronic illness, let's say, diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes, if left untreated, can cause neuropathy that ultimately degenerates into unsustainable conditions for tissue to survive in. You've probably heard of people with diabetes having problems with loss of sensation in their feet, and resulting infections like gangrene. Some people even have to have parts amputated. This is worsened and quickened if a patient does not keep check of their glucose/insulin balance, which in some cases by extension, also applies to patients with diabetes who are careless with their diets.

The cost of such typically means treatment for an infected foot, let's say, which sometimes results in amputation. The costs, both financial and to the quality of life, are fairly obvious. In the States especially, the operation to safely amputate a part is likely very costly. The follow-up care and hospital stay, just as ...

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The solution discusses the impact of preventable diseases.

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Infectious vs. Chronic Diseases

Infectious diseases like HIV and AIDS are contracted through personal contact and are major issues in developing countries. However, chronic diseases currently have the largest impact on the nation's health. Nearly 75% of healthcare dollars are spent on the treatment of chronic diseases. For example, diabetes, cancer, and heart disease are among the most expensive and preventable diseases. Each year about 50% of deaths are caused by some type of chronic diseases, which accounts for about 7 out 10 deaths. "Although chronic diseases are among the leading causes of death in the United States, infectious diseases continue to be important causes of morbidity and mortality (Friss, Bell, Philibert, & Dewar, 2013)."

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