Explore BrainMass

Epidemiology - Infectious vs. Chronic Diseases

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

Infectious diseases like HIV and AIDS are contracted through personal contact and are major issues in developing countries. However, chronic diseases currently have the largest impact on the nation's health. Nearly 75% of healthcare dollars are spent on the treatment of chronic diseases. For example, diabetes, cancer, and heart disease are among the most expensive and preventable diseases. Each year about 50% of deaths are caused by some type of chronic diseases, which accounts for about 7 out 10 deaths. "Although chronic diseases are among the leading causes of death in the United States, infectious diseases continue to be important causes of morbidity and mortality (Friss, Bell, Philibert, & Dewar, 2013)."

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 9:32 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

National Epidemiology

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have been closely monitoring several critical areas that could cause epidemics in the United States. They keep a critical eye on such diseases that can spread rapidly or can cause death quickly in an unsuspected group such as young healthy people. They also monitor blood born diseases along with sexually transmitted types of diseases to see where better care needs to be taking place in health care institutions (Rodriguez, -Bario, Garcia, Ramirez, Lupion, Munian, ...& Pascual, 2010).
Infectious diseases can no longer be looked at as a local issue but must be considered a global problem. People are so mobile that a person who contracts an infectious disease in an Asian country may infect a number of people before arriving in the United States. This has to be monitored by a world-wide community ...

Solution Summary

The difference between the cost and surveillance of chronic and infectious diseases.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Tobacco users and the Impact on the successful outcome of Public Health Education

Compare outcomes achieved in public health efforts in terms of the control of infectious diseases and tobacco use. Which of these accomplishments has had the greatest impact on health status and quality of life of Americans living in the early 21st century? Explain and help me understand why you feel this way.

Using the CDC best practices report from 2007 I discuss this data about smokers and tobacco users:
State action on tobacco use treatment should include the following elements:

Sustaining, expanding, and promoting the services available through population-based counseling and treatment programs, such as cessation quit lines ( telephone hotlines)

Covering treatment for tobacco use under both public and private insurance, including individual, group, and telephone counseling and all FDA-approved medications

Eliminating cost and other barriers to treatment for under-served populations, particularly the uninsured and populations disproportionately affected by tobacco use

Making the health care system changes recommended by the PHS guideline

and I also discuss HIV in comparison citing addition CDC reports.

View Full Posting Details