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Epidemiology - Infectious vs. Chronic Diseases

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Infectious diseases like HIV and AIDS are contracted through personal contact and are major issues in developing countries. However, chronic diseases currently have the largest impact on the nation's health. Nearly 75% of healthcare dollars are spent on the treatment of chronic diseases. For example, diabetes, cancer, and heart disease are among the most expensive and preventable diseases. Each year about 50% of deaths are caused by some type of chronic diseases, which accounts for about 7 out 10 deaths. "Although chronic diseases are among the leading causes of death in the United States, infectious diseases continue to be important causes of morbidity and mortality (Friss, Bell, Philibert, & Dewar, 2013)."

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National Epidemiology

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have been closely monitoring several critical areas that could cause epidemics in the United States. They keep a critical eye on such diseases that can spread rapidly or can cause death quickly in an unsuspected group such as young healthy people. They also monitor blood born diseases along with sexually transmitted types of diseases to see where better care needs to be taking place in health care institutions (Rodriguez, -Bario, Garcia, Ramirez, Lupion, Munian, ...& Pascual, 2010).
Infectious diseases can no longer be looked at as a local issue but must be considered a global problem. People are so mobile that a person who contracts an infectious disease in an Asian country may infect a number of people before arriving in the United States. This has to be monitored by a world-wide community ...

Solution Summary

The difference between the cost and surveillance of chronic and infectious diseases.

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