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Child Abuse across Culture

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Identify a form of child abuse referenced in the first of these articles, and discuss the role of the health educator in preventing this specific type of abuse.

In the U.S., a majority of parents admit to spanking their children on a regular basis, yet in Scandinavian countries, corporal punishment is banned in both public and private spheres. Can this difference be attributed to culture? Please explain.

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1. Identify a form of child abuse referenced in the first of these articles, and discuss the role of the health educator in preventing this specific type of abuse.

Four types of abuse are referred to in the article: physical abuse, child neglect, sexual abuse and emotional abuse.
One role of the health educator is to advance early prevention education training to intervene with children and youth who have been or are being sexually abused as well as to prevent sexual abuse from occurring. Most prevention efforts target individual parents, families or individuals to change attitudes and behaviours that contribute to the problem. Bronfenbrenner's ecological model is one effective tool in preventing child maltreatment (Massey-Stokes & Lanning, 2004, attached)

Schools play a large role in identifying and preventing child maltreatment. There is a positive relationship between CSHP and educational outcomes. A CSHP includes 8 components: health education, health services, nutrition services, counselling, psychological and social services: healthy school environment, health promotion for educational staff, and family and community involvement. Four components hold promise for identification and prevention, one being health education (as well as family and community involvement; counselling, psychological and social services; health services) (Massey-Stokes & Lanning, 2004).

Role of health educator

Health education programs should provide comprehensive instruction at each age level, including early childhood e.g. personal safety to increase knowledge and awareness about child abuse and neglect and teach children life skills and social-emotional skills. The latter is especially important for the maltreated child to build self-esteem and resiliency to cope more effectively with challenges, such as empathy, cooperation communication, problem solving, decision making, goal setting, impulse control, anger management, conflict resolution, coping and stress management. Through these prevention programs, the health educator sends the message that the school is a safe place to seek help. It is also is about educating the parents promoting healthy child development, positive discipline approaches, anger and stress management, ...

Solution Summary

By responding to the two questions, this solution explores the topic of child abuse across culture. It provides additional information on both sides of the debate of corporate punishment.

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Culture and play therapy

- Can you Identify the role culture plays in using play therapy techniques.

In addition can you answer the following questions:

- What role does culture play in selecting materials for use in play therapy?

- What should the counsellor consider when making decisions about culturally appropriate play therapy materials?

- Select one of the following situations. Then, describe the play therapy technique and examples of the materials you would use with the child or adolescent. Explain your rationale and the cultural appropriateness of your materials:

*A 10-year-old African American boy, with a physically abusive father, who is in denial about the recent, sudden death of his mother.
*A 6-year-old Caucasian girl whose uncle, the leader of a local church, is accused of sexually molesting her.
*A 16-year-old Hispanic girl who is pregnant, due to her promiscuous behaviour, and recently dropped out of high school.
*A 13-year-old Asian boy, with an absent father, who recently robbed and assaulted a woman in order to join a gang.

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