The World Health Organization (WHO) utilizes the WHO Family of International Classifications in an effort to have a universal method for classifying diseases. There are 3 main components of this system that include the following:
Define and explain the purpose of each type of classification, and give an example from each classification category.
Let's take a closer look.
1. International Classification of Diseases (ICD
The ICD is "the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiological, many health management purposes and clinical use." Specifically, it includes "the analysis of the general health situation of population groups and monitoring of the incidence and prevalence of diseases and other health problems in relation to other variables such as the characteristics and circumstances of the individuals affected, reimbursement, resource allocation, quality and guidelines. It is used to classify diseases and other health problems recorded on many types of health and vital records including death certificates and health records. In addition to enabling the storage and retrieval of diagnostic information for clinical, epidemiological and quality purposes, these records also provide the basis for the compilation of national mortality and morbidity statistics by WHO Member States." (www.who.int/whosis/icd10/)
Specifically, the ICI is used "to classify diseases and other health problems recorded on many types of health and ...
The purpose of each type of classification is explained with an example provided for each.