Choose two of the following myeloid lineage deficiency diseases and describe their similarities and differences.
Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency
Symptoms of Chediak-Higashi Syndrome repeated and persistent infections that eventually become life-threatening, oculocutaneous albinism (reduced pigmentation of the skin, hair, and eyes), impaired clotting, and neurological defects. This disease is characterized by white blood cells with giant granules. While mildly affected individuals survive into adulthood viral infection can precipitate an accelerated phase in children that leads to hepatosplenomegaly (enlarged liver and spleen), lymphadenopathy (enlarged lymph nodes), and pancytopenia (reduced white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets) culminating in organ failure. This disease is caused by mutations in the LYST (lysosomal trafficking regulator) that, as the name implies, regulates the trafficking proteins to the lysosome. This organelle is responsible for digesting cellular debris, toxins, bacteria, and ...
Symptoms and causes of Chediak-Higashi, Chronic Granulomatous Disease, and Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency with web references.
Various Cardiovascular Diseases
Identify one disorder from each category listed in the attached file (one coagulation disorder, one circulatory disorder, etc). Then explain in 2-3 sentences:
- The changes that occur in this system caused by disease
- The changes that occur in other systems by this same disease
- The method of diagnosis for this disorder
- The prognosis with treatment.