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    Personality Theory Activity

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    Please help with the following two activities:

    Personality Theory Activity

    1. What are some comparisons and contrasts between learning theory, trait theory and psychodynamic theory?

    2. Please match the following theories to the related definitions below.

    __Psychodynamic Theory
    __Trait Theory
    __Learning Theory
    __Humanistic Theory

    a. Individualism versus collectivism

    b. Popular theorist Eysenck initiated the five-factor model.

    c. The healthy personality is found in balancing the social self with the individual self.

    d, Genetics determine the traits for a healthy personality, but how those traits are expressed are influenced by learning experiences, development of skills, and the ability to choose our own actions.

    e. Popular theorists include Maslow and Rogers.

    f. Popular theorists include Freud, Jung, and Erikson.

    g. Social and cultural factors such as ethnicity, gender, culture, discrimination, and socioeconomic status influence one's sense of self and his or her adjustment to society.

    h. Taken from the European philosophy of Existentialism

    i. Focus on the individuals' capacity to build knowledge and adapt to the environments around them. Includes behaviorism and social-cognitive theory.

    j. Personality is characterized by a struggle between different elements within an individual's personality. Behavior, thoughts, and emotions are the result of this inner struggle.

    k. Consists of five major personality factors which are reasonably stable elements of personality. These factors include extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience.

    l. Popular theorists include Pavlov and Skinner.

    m. Idea of the healthy personality is the ability to love and work.

    n. A healthy personality means knowing one's self, making authentic choices which are consistent with goals, and the capability of making real changes in their lives.

    Thank you.

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    Interesting assignment! I can provide you with information from various sources and links for further research to get you started on this interesting assignment.

    Let's take a closer look.


    1. What are some comparisons and contrasts between learning theory, trait theory and psychodynamic theory?

    A. Trait Theory

    Almost all personality theorists are concerned with traits. Traits are what make us who we are; they are the relatively permanent aspects of each of us evidenced by the consistency in our interactions. Knowing this, what makes the trait approach to understanding personality different from the other theories?

    First of all, while most theories represent attempts at better understanding the development of personality (learning and psychodynamic theory), trait theorists typically talk very little about development. Second, predicting a person's behavior in a given situation is also not a concern for trait theorists, like learning theory. Third, unlike many other theoretical orientations (like learning and psychodynamic theories), trait theorists are interested in the comparison of people, not only based on aspects of personality, but also degrees. And finally, and likely the biggest difference, trait theory does not inherently provide a medium of personality change. Like learning theory and psychodynamic (See specific theories and further discussion at http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/trait.html).

    According to Allport, there are 8 concepts that one must know about traits:

    1. A trait has more than nominal existence, which is stating that personality traits are not fictions, they are very real and very vital in a man's existence.

    2. A trait is more generalized than a habit, in that traits tend to cut across situations and thereby account for the more permanent, enduring, and general features of our behavior.

    3. A trait is dynamic or at least determinative in behavior, because they ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution compares and contrasts Learning Theory, Trait Theory and Psychodynamic Theory. It then provides assistance on a matching activity, matching five personality theories e.g. Psychodynamic Theory, Trait Theory, Learning Theory, Sociocultura and Humanistic Theory to the appropriate statements that help define the theory.