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Maslow's Theory of Personality

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* Use Maslow's hierarchy of needs to discuss the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation.
* Describe biological factors that influence the formation of personality.
* Examine the relationship of biological factors to Maslow's theory of personality.
* Explain the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality.

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Solution Summary

This solution discusses Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The biological factors that operate to influence pesonality is described.

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? Use Maslow's hierarchy of needs to discuss the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation

Maslow argued that humans have an innate drive toward personal growth. The growth needs suggested by Maslow includes self-actualization. Self-actualization is the need to fulfill one's potential. According to Maslow, self-actualization results in a healthy personality. For example, self-actualized persons possess exceptionally healthy personalities marked by personal growth. They are considered to be spontaneous, socially sensitive to the needs of others, and enjoy interpersonal relationships. According to Maslow self-actualized persons also possess a "peak balance", which maintains polarities in the personality (Maslow, i987).

? Describe biological factors that influence the formation of personality

There are two primary biological factors that influence the personality: genetics and brain structure/ neurotransmitters (Pinel, 2003). Genetic factors influence personality through temperament. For example, genetics influence individual differences based on how individuals react and respond to their environment. The contribution of genetics to psychological differences has been studied in research focused on behavioral genetics (e.g., ...

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