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Compare Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning

Compare and contrast classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Use the Psychism Operant Conditioning information and your text to support your discussion. Find one Web site that also contributes to your understanding of the two types on conditioning. Explain why you think this particlar Web site will help strengthen your learning in the area.

In addition, compare and contrast with the use of specfic examples the following operant conditioning concepts: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and punishment.

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Classical Conditioning:
Conditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in the environment. Classical Conditioning is a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the ability to create a response that was originally created by another stimulus. The way that this is all supposed to work is actually simple. First, an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is paired with a neutral stimulus. The unconditioned stimulus is the one that is creating the unconditioned response (UCR). After a while, where this pairing is repeated many times, classical conditioning occurs. Now, the previous unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is now the conditioned stimulus (CS) and can cause a conditioned response (CR) by itself. The unconditioned response (UCR) and the conditioned response (CR) are essentially the same thing.

Example: Every time a dog sees a can of dog food (UCS) it drools (UCR). If we pair a ringing bell whenever the dog sees the can of dog food, eventually when it hears a bell ringing (CS) the dog will drool (CR) even without seeing the can of dog food.

Operant Conditioning:
Classical conditioning forms an association between two stimuli. Operant conditioning forms an association between a behavior and a ...

Solution Summary

Over 750 word explanation comparing and contrasting classical and operant conditioning. Includes websites and a detailed explanation and analysis of both concepts.