Operant Conditioning was the focus of B. F. Skinner's research. During the process of operant conditioning, the organism is "operating" on the environment, doing its natural day to day routine. During this operating process, the stimulus is introduced to the organism. The stimulus is referred to as a reinforcing stimulus (or a reinforcer). The purpose of the reinforcer is to increase the occurrence of the operant. Therefore, in operant conditioning, a behavior occurs, and then the behavior is followed by a consequence. The nature of the consequence in turn determines the ...
This solution discusses two basic learning principles: classical conditioning and operant conditioning in 392 words.