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Nutrition and health issues for preschool students

Lifecycle of Pre-School Children:

What are some current nutritional issues, such as obesity or malnutrition that might Pre-Schoolers?

How does fitness affect the health of Pre-Schoolers? Is this relationship between fitness and health different from other age groups? Explain your answer.

Please provide a "Journal Article" and a "website" to reference the explanation regarding pre-school children.

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The first place I always look is the CDC site, where they not only have a plethora of public domain health information but are the funders of projects and have access to good resources and links. One such example is http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/obesity/ where a tripling of childhood obesity is indicated. Also, in the piece, the note, "Obesity is the result of caloric imbalance (too few calories expended for the amount of calories consumed) and is mediated by genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors. Childhood obesity has both immediate and long-term health impacts. Also, they are at risk for associated adult health problems, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis."

While their solution is widely known, it should be mentioned that healthy eating and physical activity, can help guard against obesity and developing the onset of these diseases.

Young children take on the important task of growing and proper diet is paramount for this critical phase in their life. Some children are eating too much and what they are eating is not nutrient-dense, including empty calories and fails to give the young people a good foundation for life with good eating choices. Conversely, there are far too many children who are malnourished and not getting either enough calories or vitamins and minerals for good body growth and development.

In Nutritional Solutions to Major Health Problems of Preschool ...