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    Evolution of Health Care

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    - Compare and contrast a contemporary health care facility or physician's office operation with a health care facility or physician's office operation of 20 years ago.
    - Include an examination of information systems in your work place and an analysis of how data was used 20 years ago in comparison with how it is used today.
    - Identify at least two major events and technological advantages that influenced current HCIS practices.
    - Use a minimum of three APA formatted references that directly support your analysis.

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    Solution Preview

    The attached document is not intended as an assignment completion.

    A physician's office today is typically automated or in the process of becoming fully automated,
    with respect to medical records, scheduling, billing, and even for prescriptions. Patients are often
    scheduled automatically, if they are already established and need follow up visits. They are given
    printed copies of payments and schedules, before they leave the office. Twenty years ago, the
    physician's office relied on paper medical records and office visit notes were hand written in the
    progress notes. Patients were given paper bills and called for appointments or had appointments
    scheduled by staff prior to leaving. The appointments were hand written in the physician's appointment
    Today's physician office usually accepts a multitude of third party payers, with a mix of
    Medicaid, Medicare, Worker's Compensation, HMO, PPO, and self pay patients. Offices may also
    contract with manufacturing facilities that provide health services to employees on a daily basis.
    Physician offices may accept capitated (monthly fees) from some payers, and reimbursed on a fee for
    service basis from other payers. Physician offices often rely on other programs, like cash and carry
    medication programs or dietary consulting, to generate additional income that covers administrative
    and other costs (Riethmiller, nd). Cash and carry programs offer patients low cost medications that
    may be slightly lower than co-payments in pharmacies. They purchase the medications at a very low
    cost from generic brand suppliers, then increase the cost to make a profit. Nutrition consulting may
    include dietary modification advice and weight loss programs that charge a competitive fee.
    The physician's office would not provide such services twenty years ago. Physicians would rely
    on payment from a few select insurance companies and possibly from Medicare, for revenue. Billing
    of insurance companies and Medicare consisted of filling out lengthy paper forms and sending them to
    the appropriate office for reimbursement. If forms were filled out improperly or one error was found on
    a claim form, the payment was denied.
    Today's medical billing software includes many safeguards that find and alert users of errors,
    before they are electronically transmitted to insurance companies. There are many safeguards
    incorporated into automated patient records. Alerts for prescribing conflicts and medication
    interactions are common. They prevent medication ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses the evolution of health care.