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Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Program

OT and the Promotion of Health and the Prevention of Disease and Disability:
Community Based Occupational Therapy:

Select a condition RA, stoke, a mental illness examples etc. and provide an example of a health promotion and disease prevention program that could be implemented in the community (for community members who are affected by physical or psychosocial disabilities AND for individuals such as the "well-elderly." Perhaps maybe people living in a retirement community/ assisted living?
Note: This does not apply to "patients" in a medical setting.

Any help will be much appreciated. Thanks.

Solution Preview

Hi,

I located three examples for you to consider for targeting people in a retirement community/ assisted living. The first one is more specific.

RESPONSE:

Let's look at the three examples of health promotion and disease prevention programs in the community, which can target a retirement community/assisted living are as follows:

EXAMPLE 1: Diabetes Prevention Program and Health Promotion (Lifestyle Balance)

Description

The Diabetes Prevention Program (also known as "Lifestyle Balance") aims to prevent the onset of type II diabetes in an at-risk population. The program focuses on the delivery of a 16-session core curriculum and ongoing case management face-to-face and telephone contact. Motivational campaigns and physical activity sessions are important components of the Diabetes Prevention Program. The Diabetes Prevention Program was identified by two systematic reviews as effective.

Additional Details Available

? The Diabetes Prevention Program commences with a 16-session Lifestyle Balance core curriculum delivered over 24 weeks.
? The first eight sessions present the goals of the intervention, teach fundamental information about modifying energy intake and increasing energy output and help participants to self-monitor their intake and physical activity.
? The latter eight sessions focus on the psychological, social and motivational challenges involved in maintaining healthy lifestyle behaviors in the long term.
? Sessions range from 30 minutes to one hour and include:

(a) a private weigh-in, review of self-monitoring records,
(b) presentation of a new topic,
(c) ongoing identification of personal barriers to weight loss and activity, and
(d) the development of action plan/goals for the next session.

? After completing the 16-session core curriculum, participants are seen face-to-face at least once every two months and contacted by phone at least once between visits.
? These in-person contacts are usually one-on-one; however, they can occur in a group as long as there is an opportunity to weigh the ...

Solution Summary

Through illustrative examples, this solution selects a condition (e.g. RA, stoke, a mental illness, etc.) and provides examples of a health promotion and disease prevention program that could be implemented in the community for the target population, such as people living in a retirement community/ assisted living.

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