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Executive Summary Template

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Use the following outline to type an executive summary of each article.

1. The main idea of this article is ____________________________________.

2. The most important information in this article is _________________________.
(Figure out the facts, experiences, data the author is using to support the conclusions)

3. The main inferences/conclusions in this article are ________________________.

4. The strengths and weaknesses of the methods used are _____________________.

5. If we take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are _______________.

6. Full citation; (for example: Smith ED, Jones IM. The importance of research. J American Research. 2008; 23(3): 123-8).

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Here is a brief discussion related to your article about decaffeinated coffee and Parkinson's disease. Please be aware that I cannot complete your assignment for you, but I have included several points for each question that should help you along your way.

1. The main idea of this article is:

- do coffee and nicotine contain neuroprotective agents with regard to Parkinson's disease (PD)? If so, are the protective molecules simply caffeine and nicotine or is there potential benefit to drinking decaffeinated coffee and using nicotine free tobacco?

2. The most important information:

- epidemiological studies have previously indicated that coffee users and smokers have reduced risk of developing PD compared to the general population
- to determine if there are neuroprotective components found in coffee and tobacco, two drosophila models of PD were dosed and analyzed (specifically dopamine neuron ...

Solution Summary

Article summary outline guidance is modeled in the solution.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Leadership Styles Executive Summary

Hi, I want make good comment for this topic.Thanks
1- Please Make comment on ( Nora ) about her Executive Summary, the comments not lower than 5 lines. I give you example of comment in the end my question to help you please (Look the example)
2- Please Make 1 or 2 questions on this topic after end the comment .

There are essentially some great leaders throughout history past and present. Some of the greatest leaders where once followers such as Carol M. Meyrowitz President/CEO of TJX Company, Lynn L. Elsenhans Chairman, CEO, and President of Sunoco, and Irene Rosenfeld Chairman and CEO of Kraft Foods. Their leadership styles are indeed unique and flexible and to be admired. Great leaders will carry to some degree of patience, humility, humor, vision, attitude of gratitude, and courage as they work together with others.

Purpose is to compare the leadership styles of these great leaders on their success along with their influence on others to follow.
Process begins with the use of the given template on influence method to include direct decisions, allocation of resources, reward system, selection and promotion of other leaders, and role modeling. The use of the template will allow the three listed leaders to be compared on their impact in organization.

Discussion begins on analyzing the process used by the three leaders that allows their organization to look up to them as a great influence. Forbes (2016) noted, "There is nothing like knowing you have a real opportunity to affect the future in a positive way."

Findings of the report began with the use of the Internet through social blogs, e suits, social ads, along with magazines, and newspaper archives. These sources are available and offer an array of information to use. Through thorough research the findings on these three leaders will vary as their style of leadership is used in various ways. The article "What's your leadership style" (2016) states there are many different ways to conceive of leadership styles.


Forbes (n.d.) Ledership Styles In Management. Retrieved from

Forbes (n.d.) Effective Leaders. Retrieved from

(Example of comment):

Hi Nora,
I hope you are having a wonderful day. My comment on your post has bought to my attention that leader-follower for situations is vital in leadership. I want to say that I was very intrigued by you researched information about you chosen leader (Carol M. Meyrowitz President/CEO of TJX Company), and how he was such an influence to his followers. Situational leadership varies on leadership styles per whatever the challenges may be, but I can say one thing, is that personality performance leading others is something to adjust to, if not part of your practice, or just having a natural to prepare change-oriented with a vision to show. Great Job!

1- What are your thoughts on rational behavior in leadership, and what are some successful methods you will use to prepare the influence to followers to the future for an organization movement to compete with other companies in the industry? Thoughts?


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