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    Top Down & Bottom Up Planning Models for Education

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    What judgment would you make about "top-down" versus "bottom-up" planning models for the higher education environment?

    Would a combination of the two be a better approach?

    Explain the reasons for your opinions.

    Explain the relationship between strategic planning and budget processes in higher education.

    Learning Objective:
    Explain the various strategic planning models.

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    Top down vs. Bottom up

    When utilizing either method the end goal is the same. Top-down is the more traditional approach where administrators, educators and teachers displaying a command and control approach with standardized testing. This is how the majority of schools have been, and continue to be, run. However, with a lot of ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution discusses the differences in top-down and bottom-up educational planning models.