There are two approaches to goal setting—a top-down and a bottom-up approach. With which of the two approaches do you agree? Why?
Is it possible to have a middle-of-the-road approach that is a combination of both approaches? Would a middle-of-the-road approach be beneficial? Why and how?
Read the following case study from, Criminal Justice Policy and Planning by Wayne N. Welsh and Philip W. Harris:
2-1: Top-Down versus Bottom-Up Goal Setting: Responding to Negative Information about Conditions of Juvenile Confinement
With reference to the case study, answer the following questions:
Was the original goal setting approach used in the case top-down or bottom-up? How?
Why did Performance-based Standards (PbS) face resistance?
How did PbS address the resistance faced?
use references cite sources
This deals with a case study connecting decision theory with juvenile detention centers. the problem is that the nature of the state and its bureaucracy is inherently top-down. There is no mechanism in place for the opposite. hence, the question answers itself.
Compare and contrast boot camps and diversion centers (not jails).
1. Compare and contrast boot camps and diversion centers (not jails). Also describe the differences in an adult diversion center, detention center, and a halfway or transitional house.
2. Compare and contrast federal, state, and local prisons. What is the role of the private prison?View Full Posting Details