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Select ten (10) readings that explore the topic of human relationships, and learning in the multicultural environment. Reflect on the breadth and depth of the subject under investigation and after reading and reviewing each entry organize your thoughts into ten (10) separate annotated bibliographic submissions. Each entry must include the following:

APA citation including author, name of book, article, journal
A brief summary of the readings
An assessment of the article including its relevance to your practice
Each entry should equal ONE word-processed page. Each section should be approximately 4-5 sentences. Attempt to read materials that are not older than five years. When you have finished of all your submissions, write a one-page evaluation and reflection as it relates to your profession or practice. The following guidelines will help you in designing and developing your annotated bibliography:


A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, websites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. A Bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).

An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation. Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following:

Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is.
Assess: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source?
Reflect: Once you have summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?

To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project. Just collecting sources for a bibliography is useful, but when you have to write annotations for each source, you are forced to read each source more carefully. You begin to read more critically instead of just collecting information.
To help you formulate a thesis: Every good research paper is an argument. The purpose of research is to state and support a thesis. So a very important part of research is developing a thesis that is debatable, interesting, and current. Writing an annotated bibliography can help you gain a good perspective on what is being said about your topic. By reading and responding to a variety of sources on a topic, you will start to see what the issues are, what people are arguing about, and you will then be able to develop your own point of view.
To help other researchers: Extensive and scholarly annotated bibliographies are sometimes published. They provide a comprehensive overview of everything that has been and is being said about that topic. You may not ever get your annotated bibliography published, but as a researcher, you might want to look for one that has been published about your topic.
The annotations: The annotations for each source are written in paragraph form. The lengths of the annotations can vary significantly from a couple of sentences to a couple of pages. The length will depend on the purpose. If you are just writing summaries of your sources, the annotations may not be very long. However, if you are writing an extensive analysis of each source, you will need more space.

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Below are my answers.

Anna Liza Gaspar

Please see attached file for answers.

Berrell, M. & Gloet, M. (1999). Reflections on the cultural dimensions of educational administration. EAF Journal, 13 (2), 10.

The article documents the findings of the authors as regards the impact of cultural difference on the patterns of organizational behaviour. The cultural difference is within the context of Australian-Malaysian collaboration in higher education in Malaysia. In this context, the researchers found that the educational administration subculture of the Australian counterparts was not completely integrated into the organizational structure. Nonetheless, it was apparent that culture does have a significant impact on organizational life. Hence, the challenge for educators is how to effectively and efficiently harness the good points from each culture into their organization culture.

The article adds value to my learning experience in that it presents the challenges administrators might also experience. Moreover, the researchers also presented possible strategies to overcome the difficulties in effectively integrating several cultures into the organizational structure of an academic institution. This is very important for me as regards the career track I have in mind. At the end of the day, the article gave me a concrete idea of the issues I will face once I join the workforce.

Pope, R., Mueller, J. & Reynolds, A. (2009). Looking Back and Moving Forward: Future Directions for Diversity Research in Student Affairs. Journal of College Student Development, 50 (6), 640 - 659.

The fact that for every 4 undergraduate students in the United States, there is one student of color means that the educational environment is now very diverse and multi-cultural. In spite of this, multi-cultural issues are still one of the most hotly debated and unresolved issues on campus. Fortunately, student affairs professionals have taken a step forward in addressing these issues. This has been the direct result of the steady increase in the number of multi-cultural scholarship in student affairs over the past three decades.

As an aspiring educator and academic administrator, I need to be aware of the roles different people play in an academic organizational structure. The role of student affairs professional is one of the most important as regards enhancing students learning experience in a multi-cultural context. Moreover, the research underscored several changes in the academic environment and the benefits of diversity. This means that educators need not only manage diversity, but to actively seek it.

Gay, G. (2009). Similar Concerns, Different Perspectives of Social Studies and Multicultural Education. Social Studies Review, 48 (1), 25-27.

The researcher claims that multi-cultural education is a "broker for democracy within the context of schooling for ethnically, racially, and culturally diverse students, especially those who are underachieving and marginalized" (Gay, 2009, p. 25). Thus, Social Education is an integral part of the country's educational curriculum as the subject's main objective is to ...

Solution Summary

Some sources related to the topics of human relationships and learning in the multicultural environment are provided.