What changes can we anticipate in the age and needs of the workforce? What implications will these changes have for the management of human resources?
Identify and explain two diversity related issues that an organization should be prepared to handle. What types of needs and issues will HRM efforts be required to accommodate for the workers?
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1. What changes can we anticipate in the age and needs of the workforce? What implications will these changes have for the management of human resources?
According to the US Census Bureau, about 15 percent of people over the traditional retirement age were still in the workforce in 2006, and this number is increasing (Clark and Holder, 2008). An aging workforce, and an aging population overall, has profound implications for human resource managers.
Looking at the type of work older employees do, we notice that older employees work less hours per week, and less weeks per year when compared with younger generations. We see healthy, educated, older employees, often with secondary incomes, looking to remain active in the workforce, but with less hours (ibid).
At the same time, normative accounts suggest younger employees are expected to work regular hours, but are often juggling raising young families and caring for older parents (Johansson, 2008). This phenomenon has been coined 'the sandwich generation'.
The two key implications for human resource managers are (1) building successful relationships between older and younger employees, especially when an older employee is a subordinate of a younger employee and (2) work-life balance: accommodating younger workers with family responsibilities and accommodating older employees who look to balance work with leisure and, on average, have the level of income that allows them to do this (they don't have to work all the time, and are significantly ...
This solution looks at US Census Bureau information for trends in the age of the workforce and for trends in women's workforce participation. It looks at scholarly resources from Catalyst and Harvard Business Review, among other sources, to discuss age and diversity issues in human resource management. This solution also identifies issues related to what has been coined 'the sandwich generation'. This solution is 768 words and includes seven references.