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Marketing Management

Case Campbell's IQ Meals

In 1990, Campbell Soup was the undisputed leader among U.S. soup manufacturers, with a market share of over 75 percent. Soup consumption, however leveling off, and top management was looking for opportunities for growth in related markets. Competitors such as ConAgra (Healthy Choice brand) and H. J. Heinz (Weight Watchers brand) were making sizeable sales and profit gains in their frozen foods lines, stressing their dietary benefits, and this seemed like a good place for Campbell to begin generating new product ideas. At the time, the U.S. public was becoming more interested in the relationship between diet and disease prevention. It seemed that, every day, health benefits were turning up in one food or another, causing fads such as oat bran to: sweep the country. Campbell's R&D department soon turned to investigating the diet disease relationship, focusing on foods that could be used to prevent illnesses such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease (including high blood pressure). Given that 58 million Americans have some form of cardiovascular disease, and another 16 million have diabetes, this focus seemed very reasonable. Soon enough, the rough idea had been generated: a line of foods with medical benefits. The rough idea now needed to be further developed.
The challenge was to develop a food line that not only played a role in the. prevention of these diseases, but also would be accepted and adopted by the U.S. population .Dr. R. David C. Macnair, Campbell's chief technical officer, built an advisory board consisting of leading nutrition, heart disease, and diabetes specialists, who would scientifically analyze the new products. Campbell's CEO at the time, David W. Johnson, was 100 percent behind the food-with-medical-benefits idea, saying that it had "explosive potential." Soon, he was attending the advisory board meetings as well. Mr. Johnson said, "Wouldn't you be dumbfounded by the opportunity to take a quantum leap and develop a product that could help improve the health and nutrition of the world?"
With the backing of the Campbell CEO, the project was underway, with a clear goal: to make the concept of healthy vitamin-and-mineral- rich meals a reality. The Campbell food technologists found this a challenging task-one of the early prototype fiber-enriched rolls "could have been marketed as a hockey puck," according to Macnair. By fall 1994, however, about 24 meals that passed early taste tests were ready for clinical trials to determine health benefits. Over 500 subjects ate the meals for 10 weeks, and most reported improvements in cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels. None experienced side effects, and many reported they liked the taste. Meanwhile, Mr. Johnson created Campbell's Center for Nutrition and Wellness, based in the Camden, New Jersey, head office and employing 30 nutrition scientists and dietitians. Next came the market test. Campbell marketing staff selected the name "Intelligent Quisine" (or IQ Meals), and a blue box or can for packaging. The plan was for UPS drivers to deliver 21 meals (mostly frozen, a few in cans) each week to test subjects' doors. By January 1997, the product was being test marketed in Ohio, backed up with a print ad campaign and a 10 minute infomercial designed to stimulate toll-free calls to Campbell's information line. Campbell also hired part time pharmaceutical sales reps to pitch IQ Meals to doctors, and contacted leading hospitals such as the Cleveland Clinic to distribute IQ Meals and promotional material. Things were looking up!

1. What major macro environmental forces will impact the likelihood of success or failure for Campbell's IQ meals? List the forces and following each indicate how they will impact IQ (e.g. +, - and +/-) and its market success.

2. How should the voice of the customer enter into IQ meals' design and launch?

3. Conduct a SWOT analysis of Campbell in introducing IQ Meals. Under each area of your SWOT list no more than three (3) considerations (e.g 3 strengths, 3 weaknesses, etc.). What are the overall implications of your SWOT for the proposed product?

4. Evaluate Campell's strategy with IQ Meals. Do they have a marketing strategy? How could their strategy be strengthened?

5. What contemporary marketing tools seem particularly applicable to the launch and continued marketing behind IQ Meals? Pick two tools and very briefly outline their role and fit here.


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The response addresses the queries posted in 1385 words with references.

//In this paper, we will discuss the scenario of the Campbell IQ meals. This paper will discuss about the impact of the major macro environmental forces on the success or failure of the product, SWOT analysis of the IQ meals. The manner in which, the voice of the customers come in the design and launch of the IQ meals. In this paper, we will also analyze the marketing strategy of the Campbell IQ along with the contemporary marketing tools.//

Macro environment comprises of various forces, which have the potential to affect the strategies of the company and cannot be controlled. Macro environment forces are: Socio-cultural environment, Technological environment, Economic environment and political or legal environment.

· Socio Cultural environment: This force constitutes lifestyles, culture, and values of the society where the company operates. US people are becoming health conscious and millions of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases and diabetes (Lancaster & Reynolds, 2005). To overcome these diseases, Campbell launched IQ meals, which reduce the cholesterol level and diabetes. It also helps in providing people with nutritious food. Hence, the company is socially responsible to public. Therefore, it had also given success to the company with the launch of IQ meals as they were providing nutritious food to the society.

· Technological environment: In the society, technology changes constantly and changes the buying styles and lifestyle of the customers (Lancaster & Reynolds, 2005). Therefore, the company should always upgrade their technology and introduce new products, which are in the demand of the customers. As the company has launched its new product line, and this is also in demand by the customers, this force has contributed a success in the new product line of the company.

· Economic environment: Economic environment consists of the factors like distribution of the income, business cycle, etc. Economic factors mention the factors of the economic system where the company operates its functions. Campbell is a U.S.A based company, and its product line was launched and marketed in the year 1995-1997. In 1994-1997, the U.S economy had low inflation rates and there was an increase in the unemployment rate. A that time, many people's health ...

Solution Summary

The response addresses the queries posted in 1385 words with references.