From the motivational theories of Expectancy and Equity, why might the United Airways employees have NOT seemed to care. The main factor is they have gone through downsizing, salary cuts, etc.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 3, 2020, 6:47 pm ad1c9bdddf
1. From the motivational theories of Expectancy and Equity, why might the United Airways employees have NOT seemed to care? The main factor is they have gone through downsizing, salary cuts, etc.
Let's look at these two theories first:
Example: Expectancy and Equity (Excerpt)
These approaches to motivation are concerned with how motivation takes place. They focus on why people choose certain behavioural options to fulfill their needs and how they evaluate their satisfaction after they have attained their goals. Two useful process-based approaches are expectancy theory and equity theory.
Expectancy theory suggests that motivation is based on how much we want something and how likely we think we are to get it. The formal framework of expectancy theory was developed by Victor Vroom. This framework states basically that motivation plus effort leads to performance, which then leads to outcomes. According to this theory, three conditions must be met for individuals to exhibit motivated behaviour:
. Effort to performance expectancy must be greater than zero;
. Performance to outcome expectancy must also be greater than zero; and
. The sum of the valances for all relevant outcomes must be greater than zero.
Effort to performance ...
From the motivational theories of Expectancy and Equity, this solution examines why the United Airways employees might have NOT seemed to care as they were going through downsizing, salary cuts, etc.