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Motivation Theories: Reactance & Expectance

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Explain these two major theories, Reactance and Expectancy theory.

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Motivation Theories

"One of the most important factors that lead one to their goals is the drive. This drive is known as motivation. It is a zest and determination with a kind of excitement that leads one to persevere to reach greater heights, in no matter what avenue of their life; be it - personal or professional. The drive may come from an internal or external source. The individual determines this. "
- Motivation Group, India, 2007

There are varied perspectives that look into motivation, the reasons we humans take on to behave in a particular manner. These perspectives are areas of study in neuropsychology, economics, the social sciences & psychology. In Economics, understanding human behaviour, particularly motivation can give predictions that affect supply & demand, market patterns that determine profitability. In a micro scale, understanding human behaviour in terms of management, especially motivation can provide a clearer picture about the varied social mechanisms that affect the workforce and can be used to maximize employee efficiency as well as design the organizational structure to encourage positive motivation. Experts in the field of psychology have come up with several theories that explain motivation. One's motivation is his drive that compels him to achieve or perform and there are varied factors affecting that drive. The factors determine the theory and there are many. In the field of Business, organizational behaviour in particular Expectancy Theory & Reactance Theory are of import because they explain they present two sides of behaviour that motivation or pressure can drive an employee to. To know them and to understand human behaviour via the perspective they offer empowers employers & managers with skills & that certain view into the human behaviour that would ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses concisely the human motivation theories of reactance & expectance by defining what motivation is and how each theory deals with & explain human motivation. In the narrative the solution discusses where each theory usually applies in terms of social situations (workplace, home, schools, etc.). The solution also traces the origins of the theories and allows for expansion by providing references. Written in APA format. A word version is attached.