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Muscular System Multiple Choice

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Detailed not needed, just verifying choice

1. Which of the following does NOT compress the abdomen ______________. latissimus dorsi
rectus abdominis
external oblique
transversus abdominis
internal oblique

2. Paralysis of which of the following would make an individual unable to flex the thigh ______________.
iliopsoas and rectus femoris
vastus medialis
vastus intermedius
vastus lateralis
biceps femoris

3. Which of the following are composed of myosin ______________. thin filaments
all myofilaments
thick filaments
Z lines
light bands

4. Which of the following connective tissues surrounds an individual muscle cell ______________.
sarcolemma
endomysium
perimysium
fascicle
epimysium

5. Which of the following groups of terms is placed in order from largest to smallest ______________.
fascicle, fiber, myofibril, myofilament
fiber, myofibril, myofilament, fascicle
myofilament, myofibril, fiber, fascicle
fascicle, fiber, myofilament, myofibril
fiber, myofibril, fascicle, myofilament

6. A muscle located on the dorsal side of the body is the ______________.
trapezius
rectus femoris
pectoralis major
external intercostals
rectus abdominis

7. The mechanical force of contraction is generated by ______________.
a sliding of thin filaments past thick ones
the temporary disappearance of thin filaments
shortening of the thick filaments
shortening of the thin filaments
the "accordian-like" folding of thin and thick filaments

8. Muscle tone is ______________.
a state of sustained partial muscular contraction that is vital for the health of muscles
the ability of a muscle to maintain a contraction against an outside force
the feeling of well-being following exercise
the condition of atheletes after intensive training
the result of increased neuromuscular system coordination and increased metaboloc rate

9. During muscle contraction, myosin cross bridges attach to active sites of ______________.
Z lines
actin filaments
the H zone
myosin filaments
thick filaments

10. The broadest muscle of the back is the latissimus dorsi.
True
False

11. When a muscle fiber contracts, the I bands diminish in size, the H zones disappear, and the A bands move closer together but do not diminish in length. True
False

12. A prime mover of the arm that acts in adduction is the deltoid. True
False

13. Plantar flexion at the ankle joint is accomplished by the tibialis anterior muscle.
True
False

14. The effect of the neurotransmitter on the muscle cell membrane is to modify its permeability properties temporarily.
True
False

15. An aponeurosis is a ropelike piece of muscle fascia that forms indirect connections to muscles of the leg.
True
False

16. The sarcoplasmic reticulum is vital to the integrity of muscle contraction.
True
False

17. Oxygen debt refers to the oxygen required to make creatine phosphate.
True
False

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https://brainmass.com/biology/human-anatomy-and-physiology/muscular-system-multiple-choice-106098

Solution Preview

1. latissimus dorsi (because it is on the back, not the abdomen)

2. iliopsoas and rectus femoris (the other muscles listed would extend the knee or the thigh but the illiopsoas is definately involved in flexion of the thigh)

3. thick filament (actin is the contractile protein of the thin filament)

4. endomysium ("endo" means inside or innermost, and this is the innermost covering...the sarcolemma is not connective tissue)

5. fascicle, fiber, myofibril, myofilament (from largest to smallest...each of these is basically a bundle of the next one on the list)

6. trapezius ...

Solution Summary

Various multiple choice questions about muscles are explained.

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Human Biology: Multiple choice questions on muscles and bones

1. The basic unit of contraction is the
a. myosin
b. actin
c. Z-Lines
d. sarcomeres

2. A cord or strap of dense tissue that connects a muscle to bone is called a:
a. tendon
b. ligament
c. bursa
d. arthritis

3. The functional partners of bone is:
a. Tendon
b. Ligament
c. Skeletal muscle
d. Fasciae

4. What are dark bands that define the two ends of each sacromeres called.
a. myosin
b. actin
c. Z-Lines
d. sarcomeres

5. This is the explanation of how muscles contract.
a. Lock and Key Hypothesis
b. Cell Theory
c. Mendels laws
d. Sliding filament model

6. The "thick" muscle filament is composed of:
a. myosin
b. actin
c. Z-Lines
d. sarcomeres

7. After intense exercise, what helps repay the body's oxygen debt?
a. stretching
b. breathing
c. eating
d. thinking

8. A motor unit is made up of _________________
a. all the muscle fibers within a given muscle
b. a motor neuron and the muscle fibers it innervates
c. all the neurons going into an individual section of the body
d. a fascicle and a nerve

9. The structure that connects muscles to bones is the ______
a. aponeurosis
b. fascicle
c. tendon
d. ligament

10. The fiber cell membrane is termed the ______
a. myofibril
b. myosin
c. myofilament
d. sarcolemma

11. Which of the following does not belong with the others?
a. filament
b. myosin
c. myofibril
d. actin

12. The smallest, functional unit of contraction is the
a. fiber
b. sarcomere
c. filament
d. myofibril

13. What type of contraction is characterized by a rapid, jerky response to a single
stimulus?
a. summation
b. treppe
c. tonic
d. twitch

14. Which of the following is not performed by muscles?
a. motion
b. excretion
c. maintenance of posture
d. heat production

15. Muscle tissue refers to all contractile tissue. To what does the term muscular system
most often refer?
a. skeletal muscle system
b. cardiac muscle system
c. visceral muscle system
d. computerized muscle tissue

16. The all-or-none response means that
a. all of the muscles in a region contract together.
b. all of the muscle fibers within a muscle contract together.
c. when a muscle fiber contracts, it contracts completely.
d. when a muscle fiber contracts, all of its ATP is changed to ADP

17. What are the actin and myosin filaments in muscle composed of?
a. Nucleic acids
b. Fatty acids
c. Proteins
d. Carbohydrates

18. What triggers the release of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum?
a. Formation of actin-myosin cross-bridges
b. Sarcomere contraction
c. An action potential
d. An increase in calcium ion concentration

19. A skeletal muscle is stimulated to contract when its plasma membrane is excited by a
message from a_____________ . This message is received at the neuromuscular
junction.
a. sensory neuron
b. motor unit
c. motor neuron
d. sarcoplasm

20. Approximately how many skeletal muscles are there in the human body?
a. 1,000
b. 600
c. 100
d. 60

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