What is protein translation? In your own words, briefly describe the steps. Where does it take place?
Protein translation is the process by which proteins are constructed from amino acids (the "building blocks" of proteins). It is called translation because it is a way of translating the genetic code in RNA (which in turn got the code from DNA) into a specific protein. The steps are:
A small subunit of a ribosome binds the mRNA "upstream" (on the 5' side) of the beginning of the region that is to be "translated" into a protein. It proceeds downstream (5' -> 3') until it encounters the start codon AUG. This codon (a series of 3 bases in the mRNA) indicates the beginning ...
The solution describes the steps in building a protein from an mRNA sequence.