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Survey and experimental methods

Could you please help me understand the following?

Explain how survey and experimental methods, including components, terminology, elements, statistics, etc. are similar and different.

Determine which kinds of research questions would be served by a survey or an experimental method.

Examine the reasons why reliability and validity are important in research.

Compare survey strategies of inquiry with experimental strategies of inquiry.

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Dear Student,
Hi and as always, thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. If you have any questions with regards to the information provided, just let me know via the feedback section and I'll do my best to clarify things further for you. Please check the kind of strategies you have listed in your current materials for there are many and what the strategies are really depend on the author of the books and the paradigms they identify with. Good luck with your studies and Happy Easter!

OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Survey & Experimental Methods

Both survey and experimental methods fall under the quantitative approach of research using the scientific form of inquiry. In the social sciences, both are used in quantitative approaches to 'measure' and 'quantify' social phenomenon. Both deal with numeric data. Anything that deals with numbers or is applied to measurement fall under the quantitative banner and these two methods are the foremost methods of choice when using quantitative approaches. In most cases, the data used is in the form of descriptive statistics and numeric material, all are mathematical expressions or representations of the variables and elements that are related to or about the phenomenon studied and these two methods use and process these kinds of data to determine the reasons behind and explain the phenomenon in question. This is their similarity. Now, what differs each from the other is the way they approach a phenomenon and the process by which they study the phenomenon and analyse data that surface. Survey research involves fieldwork for to do such research, the researcher must go out in the field to gather data. It can come in 2 forms - questionnaire and interview. Questionnaire is used to study certain phenomenon that involves measuring a particular social group. Respondents complete the questionnaire and the results are categorized and expressed as numeric representations (i.e. percentages). Interviews are more individualized for it requires a kind of in-depth talk between respondent and ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a 1,186-word narrative that provides advise on how survey and experimental methods (methods in quantitative research), including components, terminology, elements, statistics, etc. are similar and different. Additionally, the kinds of questions tackled by either methods are explained. The importance of reliability and validity in research is also explained as well as the strategies used in both methods. References have been listed for further studies. A word version of the solution is also attached for easy printing and download.