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Research Design and Methods

Research Design, and the "Quantitative Methods: Examples" media segment.

Explain how survey and experimental methods---including components, terminology, elements, statistics, etc.—are similar and different.

Determine which kinds of research questions would be served by a survey or an experimental method.

Examine the reasons why reliability and validity are important in research.

Generalize about how popular quantitative methods are in your discipline.

Q **** 2-3 paragraphs that compare survey strategies of inquiry with experimental strategies of inquiry.

responses with specific references to the reading(s) and/or media segment(s) and use APA format.

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(1) Explain how survey and experimental methods---including components, terminology, elements, statistics, etc.—are similar and different.

A survey is a method of answering questions. It is useful for obtaining information from a large number of people. An experiment is based on information obtained by following rules and guidelines of the Scientific method. The scientific method involves (a) procedure for delivering a treatment, (b) observing its effect on behavior, and(c) analyzing the research using statistical techniques. The similarities in the two approach involve the study of variables. For example, a researcher utilizes primarily quantifying variables, or inferential statistics drawn from different types of measurement reliability (e.g., test-retest, internal consistency), measurement validity (Thorndike, 2005). However, surveys are differentiated in that they may be assessed using codes. An experiment may utilize techniques of manipulation; whereas a survey does not. The Experiment differs from the survey in that the procedure involves the scientific method of reducing error bias. The survey researcher may focus on response bias. Finally, a survey is useful for obtaining information from a large group of people. The experiment is aimed at obtaining information small sample of a target population.

(2) Determine which kinds of research ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares and contrasts survey and experimental methods.

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