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Cross-cultural counselling topics

Select an ethnicity or culture and give a brief description of the culture or ethnicity that you selected.
Then, explain the appropriate use of proxemics and haptics in a counseling session with a client of this culture or ethnicity.

Article: Mollen, D., Ridley, C. R., & Hill, C. L. (2003). Models of multicultural counseling competence: A critical evaluation, In D. B. Pope-Davis, H. L. K. Coleman, W. Ming Lu, & R. L. Toporak (Eds.), Handbook of multicultural competencies in counseling and psychology (pp. 21-38). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Use the "Counseling and Psychotherapy Transcripts, Client Narratives, and Reference Works" database, and search using the book's title.

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Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. Good luck with your studies. You can also use the listed references for further exploration of the topic.

OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Proxemics and Haptics in Cross-Cultural Counselling

Proxemics, the consideration of distance/space as it affects interaction in counselling, and haptics, the use of 'touching' or to communicate or convey ideas and meaning both fall under the non-verbal communication umbrella and both important considerations for counsellors seeking to design and strategize effective intervention or treatment for their clients for a host of issues. The application and utilization of proxemics and haptics vary from case to case. It gets a little more complicated however when putting in consideration cross-cultural counselling, especially when the counselor is of another ethnicity or culture. The counselor must consider the proxemics and haptics principles of the culture of his/her client so that he can plan his approaches, making sure that these elements of the treatment are respectful cultural and apply to the practices, standards or beliefs of the client. If the counselor does not consider the implications of these in a cross-cultural setting, it can hamper treatment and make it ineffective leading to further issues as well as ethical considerations.


There are a lot of Filipino-Americans (Fil-Ams) in the US. While they are an Asian culture, they share a lot of their cultural cues and beliefs with the Hispanics in that 95% ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information,advise and discussion on the topic of cross cultiral counselling (see above),to help the student tackle the application of proxemics and haptics and their influence. The sub-populace of Filipino-Americans are utlised as an example populace of study in this solution. Resources are listed for further ecploration of the topic. A Word-version is also attached.