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    Language of Stuttering

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    Analyze the complex interaction of environmental and biological contributions to memory, attention, intelligence, cognition, language, and information processing in relation to the development of individuals with stuttering.

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    Stuttering is characterized as involuntary repetitions, prolongations or cessations of sounds produced at a steady rate, and is also considered as a component of motor speech disorders. As Lundgren, Helm-Estabrooks & Klein, 2010) explain, speech "dysfluences" involves the repetition and prolongation of initial syllable of small grammatical words and a positive adaptation effect. Some research points to this disfluency of speech as a developmental problem in childhood, and as acquired causes in adults resulting from factors such as the medical trauma of strokes and/or medications. For example, Kaplan & Stagg (2011) describe a patient who experienced personality change and bouts of stuttering following a seizure.

    Stuttering occurs across cultures and has found to appear in persons who are bilingual and those who are monolingual( Lim, Lincoln, Chan & Huak, 2008). Packman and Kuhn (2009) assert that "through a complexity lens, stuttering comprises a number of systems within the person and the environment" For example, the person is represented by brain, mind and body systems [e.g. Genetics plays a major role in leading to stuttering processing information through ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution analyzes the interaciton of environmental and biological contributions to the development of stuttering.