Analyze the complex interaction of environmental and biological contributions to memory, attention, intelligence, cognition, language, and information processing in relation to the development of individuals with stuttering.
Stuttering is characterized as involuntary repetitions, prolongations or cessations of sounds produced at a steady rate, and is also considered as a component of motor speech disorders. As Lundgren, Helm-Estabrooks & Klein, 2010) explain, speech "dysfluences" involves the repetition and prolongation of initial syllable of small grammatical words and a positive adaptation effect. Some research points to this disfluency of speech as a developmental problem in childhood, and as acquired causes in adults resulting from factors such as the medical trauma of strokes and/or medications. For example, Kaplan & Stagg (2011) describe a patient who experienced personality change and bouts of stuttering following a seizure.
Stuttering occurs across cultures and has found to appear in persons who are bilingual and those who are monolingual( Lim, Lincoln, Chan & Huak, 2008). Packman and Kuhn (2009) assert that "through a complexity lens, stuttering comprises a number of systems within the person and the environment" For example, the person is represented by brain, mind and body systems [e.g. Genetics plays a major role in leading to stuttering processing information through ...
This solution analyzes the interaciton of environmental and biological contributions to the development of stuttering.