This discussion will draw from the other two media presentations ("Strengths and Limitations of Common Information-Gathering Methods" and "Strengths and Limitations of Research Designs") from the Child Psychology Resources accordion file that you were directed to review in this unit's studies.
Critique two research methods, focusing on the practical and ethical importance of these methods in child development. Then choose the one method you think is more practical and ethical and defend your position with research or your professional experience.
Systematic Observation Method
Clinical, or Case Study, Method
Systematic observation is observing behaviors without interfering with them. This can be by observing behavior in the natural context, such as at a playground or in a class setting. This can even be watching remotely through a camera or video so the participants are not aware of the viewers (and therefore respond differently). This can also be in a laboratory setting where the room and the props are identical for all participants and so variation among the children can be noticed. A practical weakness of this method is that the observer may attribute the behavior to a particular event when it was in fact not prompted by that event. For instance, the child may have stopped playing because he realized he was hungry. Since that is not observable, the researcher might have noticed that ...
Your discussion is 469 words and a reference and gives the practical and ethical limitations of systematic observations and case study methods. Then, the systematic observation is mentioned as the stronger with reasons given to support the choice.
Exploratory Research Structured Explanation
After reviewing Cozby, P. C. (2014) Methods in Behavioral Research, Chapter 6, please assist with the following questions in detail and support your answers with scholarly research citations where appropriate.
1. What is naturalistic observation? How does a researcher collect data when conducting naturalistic observation research?
2. Why are the data in naturalistic observation research primarily qualitative?
3. Distinguish between participant and nonparticipant observation; between concealed and non-concealed observation.
4. What is systematic observation? Why are the data from systematic observation primarily quantitative?
5. What is a coding system? What are some important considerations when developing a coding system?
6. What is a case study? When are case studies used? What is a psychobiography?
7. What is archival research? What are the major sources of archival data?
8. What is content analysis?"
Length: 5-7 pages
References: Minimum of 5 scholarly resources.
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