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    Behavioral Adaptations to the Environment

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    Why do orphaned ewes have to be covered with a dead ewes skin to be accepted by another lamb?

    I need specific information and examples on animals' stylized, innate courtship behaviors, and how you know they are innate. Do humans have innate ones?

    What is the role of signaling in maintaining social organization? Give an example.

    What is the role of altruism? Give two examples.

    According to Jane Goodall: What is the importance of dominance to male chimpanzees? To the female? Why is grooming important?

    What is the difference between proximate and ultimate in behavior?

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    Solution Preview

    In the situation of the ewes, an orphaned lamb would have to be covered with the dead lamb skin in order to be accepted by the mom. This is because of the smell of the ewe's natural baby. Sheep are even attracted to a rag that is soaked in placental fluid. The odor is the primary recognition stimulus that the adult sheep has to her baby.

    Sticking with the lambs, one courtship behavior that ewes (females) have is that when they are in heat, they will first avoid rams (males) and then grow aggressive in her courtship behavior. She will sometimes passively accept the attention of a ram, turning her head to see what he's doing or waving her tail. More aggressive behaviors may include nuzzling or licking the ram. The ewes in heat frequently urinate, which causes the ram to curl its upper lip, which exposes an organ used to smell pheromones in the urine. This is well-known as the Flehmen response. I think most people would agree that this is innate, as the sheep don't have the neurological ...

    Solution Summary

    Looking at how animals adapt to the environment.