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Applying Assessment Tools that Follow Ethical Guidelines

Identify the primary question that the assessment needs to address in order to best serve the client(s). Based upon the identified referral question, select an assessment tool to use as part of the assessment process.

With support from professional literature, provide a clear description of the tool and how it can address the identified problem. Using measurement constructs, describe how the assessment is scored and interpreted. Evaluate how the tool can be used with the client(s) as part of an ethical assessment process. Describe how the assessment results would be presented to the client(s) with a clear consideration of the client's unique cultural context.

CASE STUDY:Mike is 13 years old and lives with his parents. He is an only child. His parents are concerned that he may be abusing alcohol, because they recently discovered a partial bottle of vodka in his bedroom. They report that Mike's friends have changed over the past year and he has quit playing sports that he previously enjoyed. They are also worried about his poor grades. Mike acknowledges that he has been feeling unhappy at home, but insists that the vodka wasn't his and must have fallen out of a friend's bag. He has reluctantly agreed to attend counseling to appease his parents.

Solution Preview

Since Mike was only 13, I opted to include the Trauma Symptoms Checklist for Children (TSCC)

1) Identify the primary question the assessment needs to address in order to best serve the client(s). Based upon the identified referral question; select an assessment tool to use as part of the assessment process.

The assessment question that needs to be addressed is whether Mike has a substance abuse problem. The interview would be the first approach to assessing the problem, because it provides information and offers insights into a problem that could not be obtained from assessment instruments. For instance, it will allow the practitioner to understand what is troubling Mike. For example, Mike may open up more about his feelings and/or problem, or indicate what may be contributing to his problem. However, for purposes of counseling based on the referral question, Mike is being referred because there is a suspicion of substance abuse. Thus, the choice of intervention would have to be selected that is appropriate for use in the assessment of children, and for use with substance abuse problems.

(2) With support from professional literature, provide a clear description of the tool and how it can address the identified problem.

The Symptoms Checklist 90, Revised (SCL-90-R, Derogatis, 1983) is a self-report psychometric instrument consisting of 90 items used to screen for psychological and emotional functioning. The primary dimensions of assessment include: (a) somatization, (b) obsessive compulsive, (c) interpersonal sensitivity, (d) depression, (e) hostility, (f) phobic anxiety, (g) paranoid ideation, and (h) psychoticism. The Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI) is a shortened form consisting of 53 items that score ...

Solution Summary

This solution utilizes a specific case study to examine the assessment needs and ethical guidelines needed to serve clients.

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