There is disagreement in the field about how "multicultural competence" should be defined. Some of its components have been argued to include: culture-specific skills and knowledge; awareness of own culture and how that differs from that of the client; awareness of own biases and prejudices and how that impacts upon assessment and therapy; the knowledge and use of culturally appropriate intervention methods; and so on. A large part of the debate rests on the need to respect cultural diversity and to take a non-pathologizing approach to differences. Do you agree with these? Would you include anything else to these competencies?
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*A large part of the debate rests on the need to respect cultural diversity and to take a non-pathologizing approach to differences.
(a) Do you agree [with the preceding statement]?
It is only rational to agree with the statement that therapists/practitioners need to respect cultural diversity by taking a non-pathologizing approach to understanding the differences of others. For instance, among the consequences of racial stereotyping and discrimination, minorities report that they are made to either feel invisible, or that something is pathologically wrong with them (Sue, Capodilupo, Torino, Bucceri, Holder, Nadal et al., 2007). A case in point is the perpetuation of the negative stereotyping in American society of Native Americans through incidents such as: (a) culture clashes, (b) suggestions of pathology, and (c) assumptions that Native Americans will adopt Western White values (Ponterotto, Casas, Suzuki, & & Alexander, 1995).
. Knapp & Vandecreek (2007) emphasize that a conscientious psychologist treats patients in accord with an underlying philosophical system that is principle based. For instance, they assert that psychological counseling from a principle-based perspective would act accordingly to the principles of beneficence, nonmalfience, justice, respect for patient autonomy, and other ethical principles. ...
This solution discusses the debate on the need for respect of cultural diversity in counseling with individuals from a diverse background.