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Classical Conditioning

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1. Present an example of classical conditioning of a behavior. Be sure to label all variables and explain step by step the process of conditioning.
2. Distinguish between positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. Give an example of each.

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Solution Summary

This answer describes an example of classical conditioning of a behavior. It also distinguishes between positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement and gives an example of each.

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1. Classical conditioning is a technique used to modify a behavior. In classical conditioning, a stimulus that occurs naturally is paired with a response. Next, a stimulus that was previously neutral is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus. Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus begins to induce the response without the naturally occurring stimulus.

There are four parts to classical conditioning; the unconditioned stimulus, the unconditioned response, the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response.

The unconditioned stimulus is one that automatically triggers a response. For example, if you smell food, your stomach may growl. In this case smelling food is the unconditioned stimulus because it triggers your stomach to growl.

The unconditioned ...

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