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Description of Classical conditioning

What is classical conditioning? What are two specific examples of classical conditioning? How do these examples specifically demonstrate the concept of classical conditioning?

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Classical conditioning is a type of learning that involves the formation of an association between two stimuli (or two stimulus types). We typically credit Pavlov for discovering the process of "classical conditioning" (thus we often use the term "Pavlovian conditioning" as a synonym). While studying salivation in dogs, Pavlov realized that the dogs would sometimes salivate in reponse to external cues (such as his presence) that had previously been present at the time that food was given to the dogs. Pavlov reasoned that a brain area activated by food and a brain area activated by his presence (to stick with this example) must have somehow become connected such that the area activated by his presence inherited from the area activated by the food its power to trigger ...

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Explains and illustrates the principles of classical conditioning.