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The components of classical and operant conditioning

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This solution strongly correlates the main principles of classical conditioning and operant conditioning as well as provides an example of when classical conditioning may be useful, and an example of when operant conditioning may be useful.

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Learning theorists came to see conditioning as the very core of the learning process and believed that chains of conditioned responses (CRs) could be built up to form the most complex of behaviors. There are two kinds of conditioning. The first is known as classical conditioning and refers to the original Pavlovian paradigm. Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov undertook an experiment that showed that animals could learn to salivate in response to other stimuli, such as the sound of a bell, if these stimuli were associated with feeding. In classical conditioning, an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) such as a food elicits an unconditioned response (UCR) such as salivation. If, however, presentation of food is accompanied by or paired with, a bell ringing (the conditioned stimulus, CS), then salivation will subsequently occur when the bell is rung without food being presented. In these circumstances the salivation has become a conditioned response (CR). In contrast to classical ...

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This essay explains the components of classical and operant conditioning,

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Review Questions of Operant and Classical Conditioning

I am having trouble with this type of application problems. I provided my answers. Can you check them and explain each one to me and correct the ones that might not be right. Thanks.

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III. Learning in the Real World: Review Questions of Operant and Classical Conditioning

1a. When a certain cat gets hungry, it scratches at the front door. The owner always lets it in and then feeds it.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

1b. If classical conditioning:

US = UR =
CS = CR =

1c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

2a. A child watches a videotape of his favorite movie while medicated ear drops are administered for a painful ear infection. Later, watching the video alone can reduce the pain.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

2b. If classical conditioning:

US = UR =
CS = CR =

2c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

3a. The first time you try anchovies, you become violently ill. Now, the smell of any
fish is enough to make you ill.
a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

3b. If classical conditioning:
US = UR =
CS = CR =

3c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

4a. A baseball player is in a slump. One day, he taps his bat on home plate
three times before the next pitch. He hits the pitch for a home run. He does
the same thing during his next turn at-bat and again gets a hit. Now, he taps
home plate three times before every pitch.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

4b. If classical conditioning:

US = UR =
CS = CR =

4c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

5a. Every time a mother takes her son to the grocery store, the boy
begs his mother for candy at thecheck-out line. If she says no, he whines
and cries. Sometimes she gives in and buys him candy so that he will be quiet.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

5b. If classical conditioning:

US = UR =
CS = CR =

5c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

6a. A young boy watches Power Rangers alone in his room every
day after school. During the show, he practices the karate kicks
and punches performed by his favorite character, Billy the Blue Ranger.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

6b. If classical conditioning:

US = UR =
CS = CR =

6c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

7a. An asthmatic patient receives medication for her condition when needed.

Later, on vacation,her inhaler is almost empty. A devious friend fills the inhaler
with harmless saline solution, and the asthmatic individuals still obtains relief
from the inhaler in the absence of the medicine.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

7b.If classical conditioning:
US = UR =
CS = CR =

7c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

8a. For two weeks, a man has been working at a job where he
has to answer customer complaints on the phone all day. Now, he
gets nervous and jumpy when the phone rings, even at home.

a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

Explain your choices:

8b. If classical conditioning:
US = UR =
CS = CR =

8c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.
a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

II. (Please check my answers below and explain each answer)

1. operant, positive reinforcement
2. classical w/video cs and no pain cr
3. classical w/smell cs and illness cr
4. operant-negative reinforcement
5. operant, child PR and mom NR
6. observational
7.classical w/inhaler cs and relief cr
8. classical w/phone cs and jumpy cr

Thank you.

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