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    Operant and Classical Conditioning Questions

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    I am having trouble with this type of application problems. I provided my answers. Can you check them and explain each one to me and correct the ones that might not be right. Thanks.

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    III. Learning in the Real World: Review Questions of Operant and Classical Conditioning

    1a. When a certain cat gets hungry, it scratches at the front door. The owner always lets it in and then feeds it.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    1b. If classical conditioning:

    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    1c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    2a. A child watches a videotape of his favorite movie while medicated ear drops are administered for a painful ear infection. Later, watching the video alone can reduce the pain.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    2b. If classical conditioning:

    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    2c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    3a. The first time you try anchovies, you become violently ill. Now, the smell of any
    fish is enough to make you ill.
    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    3b. If classical conditioning:
    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    3c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    4a. A baseball player is in a slump. One day, he taps his bat on home plate
    three times before the next pitch. He hits the pitch for a home run. He does
    the same thing during his next turn at-bat and again gets a hit. Now, he taps
    home plate three times before every pitch.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    4b. If classical conditioning:

    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    4c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    5a. Every time a mother takes her son to the grocery store, the boy
    begs his mother for candy at thecheck-out line. If she says no, he whines
    and cries. Sometimes she gives in and buys him candy so that he will be quiet.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    5b. If classical conditioning:

    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    5c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    6a. A young boy watches Power Rangers alone in his room every
    day after school. During the show, he practices the karate kicks
    and punches performed by his favorite character, Billy the Blue Ranger.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    6b. If classical conditioning:

    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    6c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    7a. An asthmatic patient receives medication for her condition when needed.

    Later, on vacation,her inhaler is almost empty. A devious friend fills the inhaler
    with harmless saline solution, and the asthmatic individuals still obtains relief
    from the inhaler in the absence of the medicine.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    7b.If classical conditioning:
    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    7c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.

    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    8a. For two weeks, a man has been working at a job where he
    has to answer customer complaints on the phone all day. Now, he
    gets nervous and jumpy when the phone rings, even at home.

    a. Classical Conditioning b. Operant Condtioning c. Observational Learning

    Explain your choices:

    8b. If classical conditioning:
    US = UR =
    CS = CR =

    8c. If operant conditioning, identify the process involved.
    a. Punishment b. Negative Reinforcement c. Omission d. Positive Reinforcement

    II. (Please check my answers below and explain each answer)

    1. operant, positive reinforcement
    2. classical w/video cs and no pain cr
    3. classical w/smell cs and illness cr
    4. operant-negative reinforcement
    5. operant, child PR and mom NR
    6. observational
    7.classical w/inhaler cs and relief cr
    8. classical w/phone cs and jumpy cr

    Thank you.

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    II. Answer Grid and Explanation

    1. operant, positive reinforcement

    Why? Operant conditioning is what we learn to do to satisfy these motivational states.Our actions (at least in terms of those that have an effect) can either lead to one of these events either being added to our environment (positive) or withdrawn (negative). The terms positive and negative do not connote value judgments on whether the behavior is good or bad--simply whether or not a stimulus is being added to the environment (positive), or being removed from the environment (negative). (http://employees.csbsju.edu/tcreed/pb/operant.html).

    Positive Reinforcement. The individual's behavior adds something desirable to the environment, thereby increasing the probability, under similar circumstances, of that behavior occurring again in the future. Positive reinforcement is what most people think of first when they think of operant conditioning, and it is what most applications of operant conditioning attempt to promote. In everyday terms, positive reinforcement means that behavior will be rewarded. For example, a student studies hard because she wants to get a good grade, or, more precisely, in scientific terms, in the past, studying has produced high grades. (http://employees.csbsju.edu/tcreed/pb/operant.html#posrft)

    2. classical w/video cs and no pain cr

    Why? Classical Conditioning is the type of learning made famous by Pavlov's experiments with dogs. The gist of the experiment is this: Pavlov presented dogs with food, and measured their salivary response (how much ...

    Solution Summary

    Referring to the questions on Operant and Classical Conditioning, this solution checks the answers provided and also provides the correct answers and explanations about the correct answer for each question.

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