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Article Review Help: Research Purpose

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Can Someone please review my answer? Am not sure if I know how to identify quantitative research and mixed methods.. also some of the questions I wasn't sure how I am supposed to answer.

Week 4: Research Purpose

This week, you will continue to analyze the interrelated elements of a research study, now turning to the purpose statement and its relation to theory and the problem statement. You will also consider the relationship between research and social change.

Course Text: Babbie, E. (2016). Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Chapter 4, "Research Design"
Course Text: Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., & Crawford, L. M. (2016). The scholar-practitioner's guide to research design. Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing.
Chapter 10, "Writing the Research Proposal"

Evaluating Purpose Statements

There is a link between understanding the purpose of one's research and selecting the appropriate methods to investigate the questions that are derived from that purpose.
-(Newman, Ridenour, Newman, & DeMarco, G. M. P., Jr., 2003, p. 169)
Post a critique of the research study in which you:
Evaluate the purpose statement using the Purpose Statement Checklist as a guide
Analyze alignment among the theory, research problem, and purpose
Explain your position on the relationship between research and social change

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Solution Preview

Article Review: Hand hygiene performance and beliefs

• Article Particulars:
• Title : Hand hygiene performance and beliefs among public university employees
• Authors : Maggie Stedman-Smith, Cathy LZ DuBois and Scott F Grey
• Details: Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 20(10), pp. 1263-1274
• Year: 2015

Purpose Statement Checklist

Does the statement begin with signaling words?
The purpose of the study is explained in the paragraph of "Purpose" and it states 2 main purposes as follows (Stedman-Smith, Dubois and Grey, 2015):
1. "to utilize a larger, random sample of workers in a public university setting to determine whether a modified model of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) generates understanding about hand hygiene beliefs and practices, as well as predicts self-reported hand hygiene behavior, self-reported infectious disease and related absenteeism and,"
2. "To inform the development of interventions among employees in similar public work settings."
The heading "Purpose" already calls attention to this statement, therefore I believe that "understanding about hand hygiene beliefs and practices as well as predicts self reported hand hygiene behavior" would be the central phenomenon under study. To signify this, the authors use signaling words such as : 'purpose', 'to determine', as well as, and 'to discuss' this statement.

Does the statement identify the research approach (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)?
In the Methods section, the authors (Stedman-Smith, et. al., 2015) indicated that they decided to, "to utilize a larger, random sample of workers in a public university setting" which indicates elements of quantitative research. In the study, quantitative instruments that, "utilize a larger, random sample of workers in a public university setting" was used to measure the relationship between employees and worker in a public university and their work place. However the utilization of a 5-point Likert scale indicates the measurement of opinion that is qualitative in nature (even if the scale assigns values to qualitative data). Thus, the research approach, while heavily reliant on measurement can be argued to be mixed.

Does the statement clearly state the intent of the study?
Yes. This is related to the purpose of the study (see above) which is 2-point. But to a larger extent, the intend of the study can be found in the introduction of the study (Stedman-Smith, et.al., 2015) which is to, "test the capacity of the TPB to guide understanding about knowledge, beliefs, and practices of self- reported hand hygiene behavior as a prelude to a planned worksite hand hygiene intervention," wherein the findings ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of doing a scientific study article review in relation to study purpose on the topic of hand-hygiene. Resources are listed to further expand the topic.