Explore BrainMass
Share

Introduction To Moral Theory (Normative Ethics)

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

A structural overview of the domain of normative moral theory, including a brief articulation of its primary concepts.

1. The distinction between normative ethics and meta-ethics
2. The aims of moral theorising
3. The structure of moral theories

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 24, 2018, 6:50 pm ad1c9bdddf
https://brainmass.com/philosophy/normative-ethics/introduction-to-moral-theory-normative-ethics-50168

Solution Preview

Introduction to moral theory:

Learning objectives
1. The distinction between normative ethics and meta-ethics
2. The aims of moral theorising
3. The structure of moral theories

Meta-ethics and normative ethics

- meta-ethics is an inquiry into the nature of ethics
A meta-ethical inquiry may ask
What is the nature of moral judgement, e.g. judgments of right and wrong?

Possible Answers:
[CR] Moral rules are nothing other than the social codes of a particular group of people
[DCT] Moral laws are expressions of the will of God.

- The central question of normative ethics could be formulated as follows:
"We are discussing no small matter, but how we ought to live". (Socrates)

- Two narrower questions may be distinguished within this area of inquiry:

What ought I to do? (and why?)
What sort of person should I be? (and why?)

1. WHAT OUGHT I TO DO?
The focus of this aspect of normative ethics is ACTION:

- Which actions should I do, and which shouldn't I do? Which actions are right and wrong?
- What makes these actions right or wrong?
This aspect of normative ethics may be termed the Theory of Right Action.

Important concepts within the theory of right action:
- We apply the terms, right, wrong, obligatory, forbidden or optional, permissible, and ought to ACTIONS.
NOTE:
- The term 'good' is usually reserved for states of character (including intentions), and for states of affairs, such as bringing about a good result and making many people happy. (Timmons 1990, p. 8)
- One aim of Normative Ethics, then, is to provide GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF RIGHT CONDUCT ...

$2.19
See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

This post contains a formatted MS Word file, written on the application of ethical philosophy in the business decision making process.

View Full Posting Details