Explore BrainMass
Share

Explore BrainMass

    Introduction To Moral Theory (Normative Ethics)

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    A structural overview of the domain of normative moral theory, including a brief articulation of its primary concepts.

    1. The distinction between normative ethics and meta-ethics
    2. The aims of moral theorising
    3. The structure of moral theories

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 5:10 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/philosophy/normative-ethics/introduction-to-moral-theory-normative-ethics-50168

    Solution Preview

    Introduction to moral theory:

    Learning objectives
    1. The distinction between normative ethics and meta-ethics
    2. The aims of moral theorising
    3. The structure of moral theories

    Meta-ethics and normative ethics

    - meta-ethics is an inquiry into the nature of ethics
    A meta-ethical inquiry may ask
    What is the nature of moral judgement, e.g. judgments of right and wrong?

    Possible Answers:
    [CR] Moral rules are nothing other than the social codes of a particular group of people
    [DCT] Moral laws are expressions of the will of God.

    - The central question of normative ethics could be formulated as follows:
    "We are discussing no small matter, but how we ought to live". (Socrates)

    - Two narrower questions may be distinguished within this area of inquiry:

    What ought I to do? (and why?)
    What sort of person should I be? (and why?)

    1. WHAT OUGHT I TO DO?
    The focus of this aspect of normative ethics is ACTION:

    - Which actions should I do, and which shouldn't I do? Which actions are right and wrong?
    - What makes these actions right or wrong?
    This aspect of normative ethics may be termed the Theory of Right Action.

    Important concepts within the theory of right action:
    - We apply the terms, right, wrong, obligatory, forbidden or optional, permissible, and ought to ACTIONS.
    NOTE:
    - The term 'good' is usually reserved for states of character (including intentions), and for states of affairs, such as bringing about a good result and making many people happy. (Timmons 1990, p. 8)
    - One aim of Normative Ethics, then, is to provide GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF RIGHT CONDUCT ...

    $2.19