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    Midwest Valueland: Normative Ethics Theory

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    Scenario:

    As you have already learned during your tenure at MV and from exposure to business news, it is not unusual for leaders and managers to encounter ethical situations. These situations often lead to assessment of organizational standards, personal values, and societal expectations to reach the right decision. As a category leader who has encountered several ethical dilemmas and as a new member of the MV ethics committee, you are motivated to research and understand ethical approaches. This knowledge will be useful in providing guidance as you approach decision-making processes for your business unit. It can also support your actions and your contributions to the committee's activities, providing a positive impact on the organization.

    Research the normative ethics theory. What are the key elements of this theory? Do you agree or disagree with this approach and why?

    Next, apply normative ethics theory to the following situation:

    MV is considering a venture into urban locations, which is receiving much protest in one city. Local citizens believe that a superstore such as MV will negatively impact the community by putting long-standing, mom-and-pop stores out of business. MV is concerned about the communities in which it operates and often contributes to local causes. As part of its local cause efforts, MV is considering a campaign contribution to a candidate who is currently running for reelection. This candidate happens to be part of a city government team that will determine if MV can open a store within city limits.

    Be sure to reference all sources using APA style

    Background:

    Midwest Valueland (MV) is a regional superstore chain of 200 stores located throughout the Midwest states in convenient suburban locations. MV has grown from a local, family-owned superstore to an impressive publicly traded chain able to compete effectively with the national chains. The market is becoming more cluttered due to constant store openings by the competition, even though one national chain, Johnson's Mega-Mart, has consolidated stores to improve financial performance. MV prides itself on being a one-stop shop for customers, offering great values with low prices and periodic aggressive promotions on selected products across multiple departments. MV stores have the same general layouts so customers can feel comfortable in any store and easily find departments, which include the following:

    -electronics
    -sporting goods
    -greeting cards
    -stationery and school supplies
    -books and magazines
    -groceries
    -paper products
    -cleaning supplies
    -clothing
    -home goods
    -health and beauty care
    -pharmacy
    -photography
    -pet supplies
    -toys
    -automotive
    -seasonal items

    As in any retail store, space is limited on store shelves and other fixtures for displaying products; therefore, manufacturers' representatives aggressively pursue meetings with category leaders to provide what they hope will be convincing presentations and attractive slotting allowances for their products and generous retail space allocations. Additionally, the representatives want to review promotional plans, offering co-op advertising dollars to receive coveted space in the weekend circular ad, consideration for special in-store promotions, and/or limited floor space for special displays. Manufacturers' representatives often provide samples of their products so they can be tested and used for display space schematic (planogram) modifications. They try to build strong working relationships with category teams and may potentially try to influence decisions by offering various incentives, generally for the chain but in some situations for the individual.

    You have just celebrated your 10-year anniversary with MV and your first year as category leader for the electronics section across the chain's 200 stores. You are the strategic business unit leader with profit and loss responsibilities for thousands of stock-keeping units (SKUs) of computers and accessories, telephones, cameras, audio equipment, televisions, DVD players, movies, music CDs, and video games. In addition, you oversee four category managers and various support personnel. As a category leader, you determine products carried by the chain, planograms for the electronics sections in stores, pricing, and promotions that appear in the chain's external and internal advertising promotions. Your goal as a category leader is to maximize shelf space usage, inventory turns, and profit margins in the electronics section as well as to achieve or exceed weekly projections that tie into overall corporate goals.

    You meet regularly with manufacturers' representatives to review new items, determine promotions, and address other matters. On a semiannual basis, you host a category review with key vendors to assess planograms to ensure that items are included and properly positioned in the electronics section or are discontinued based on inventory and financial measures. Items can be discontinued between reviews if warranted, based on performance alone or combined with the need to slot a new item. As needed, your team coordinates with the MV's Logistics Department to assess orders and ensure that optimal inventory levels are maintained. It interacts with the Retail Pricing Department as you review product pricing monthly, and it is important to ensure that prices are accurately reflected in the system for each SKU so they scan at the proper price. Your team also collaborates with the Advertising Department, checking the accuracy of images, product descriptions, and prices for ads.

    With your promotion to category leader, you also serve on selected executive committees. Most recently, you have been appointed to a 1-year term on the ethics committee, which is headed by the compliance officer. The committee regularly assesses MV's code of conduct to ensure ongoing compliance with this and other applicable guidelines, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX), related Federal Trade Commission (FTC) standards, federal and state guidelines regarding weights and measures and the accuracy of scanned prices, the Consumer Product Safety Act, and employment laws. The ethics committee also implements any recommendations from MV's audit firm and senior executives to strengthen policies. You welcome the opportunity to be a member of the committee and hope to be an influential force in further shaping policies. You realize that ethical situations are not uncommon in the retail business, and it is evident that some employees are persuaded to compromise standards. You are determined to help make MV a better place, both for its employees and for its customers.

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    Solution Preview

    Normative Ethics Theory

    Normative ethics theory is based on moral; it attempts to find out which actions are right or wrong and which character traits are good or bad. This approach is quite contrast to two other theories of ethics-meta ethics and applied ethics. Meta-ethics is the study of ethics; it is concerned with determining the meaning and objectivity of moral concepts of right and wrong, or good and bad. Applied ethics is just the application of normative ethics to particular issues of practical concerns, such as euthanasia, cloning, criminal punishment, etc. (Normative...).

    For any act of ethical consideration, there are three things which can be morally examined. First is the person who is performing the act, second is the act itself, and third is the consequence of the act (Normative ethics...)

    Types of Normative Ethical Theories

    1. Virtue Ethics
    The first theory of normative ethics focuses on the character of the agent. According to this theory, we all possess certain characteristic traits such as compassion, courage, and generosity which manifest in our actions. Therefore, we act according to our virtues, even if that means doing something that is seen as bad or bringing about undesirable consequences.
    For virtue ethics, the focus is on the quality of character of the moral agent; moral principles and calculations are secondary to virtue itself. However, virtues can be both moral and intellectual. Intellectual consist of things like wisdom and rationality while moral virtues consists of things like honesty, fairness, and courage. Intellectual virtues can be taught, whereas moral virtues ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses Midwest Valueland and Normative Ethics Theory and its main elements.

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