Compare and contrast elements from the fields of moral, social, and political philosophy. Answer the following questions in the Document:
o What do these fields have in common, if anything? How are they different?
o How do you believe the questions they pose figure into a consideration of modern life?
o Is any one area more important than another?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 12:51 am ad1c9bdddf
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What is Philosophy?
Philosophy as we know it is said to have had its roots in the minds of great Greek thinkers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Philosophy is a critical discussion that at times does not follow fundamental structure as philosophers constantly debate on existence, reality, mind, language and construction of meaning - what makes things the way they are. Philosophy by etymology stems from the Greek word philosophia which literally means love of knowledge. In the ancient world, in Greece, Rome, Europe in the Middle Ages and even in the Far East, people referred to the learned of their men as 'Philosophers', he who seeks to know. Socrates, for example lived in a period of human civilization that gave rise to the kind of world we know today, that of free will and choices guided by logic. While this was not practiced by all Athenians, Socratic thinking influenced much of Athenians seeking to understand the world then by asking questions that irritated and ultimately enlightened. Socrates considered himself the gadfly sent by the gods to Athens to spur man to examine life and to ask questions that make man look deeper into the meaning of it all. What is justice? What is love? What is right? What is wrong? What is moral? These were just among the many questions that he kept on asking, or rather served up to people to ask themselves. In this manner, he spurred 'his students', those who came to listen to him to gain 'wisdom' to look at reality with a different set of eyes.
Moral philosophy also known as Ethics. defends, systemizes & presents concepts of right & wrong. A major branch of philosophy, its main aim is to ascertain the right conduct necessary to what is considered a good life. Socrates taught that the life worth living is guided by ethics, a set of moral conducts where knowledge & virtue equate to true happiness. Ethical theories are generally divided into 3 categories - normative, applied & meta-ethics. Normative ethics are seen as a set of moral ...