Describe the extent of juvenile delinquency in contemporary America. Describe the relationship between juvenile delinquency rates and modern social conditions, such as poverty, and juvenile crime rates.
Explain how these relationships can be addressed to decrease juvenile crime rates. Described the measures that can be taken at the school level to reduce school violence.
Explain how the juvenile justice system is different from the criminal justice system and how one can be used to improve the other.
Provided suggestions to bring about a change in the juvenile justice system to ensure that existing juvenile offenders do not return to the community and repeat the crimes they have committed.
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1. Describe the extent of juvenile delinquency in contemporary America.
Juvenile delinquency or the offending of, and participation in illegal behavior by minors (individuals under 19) is a criminality and social issue wrestled across the US from small communities to big cities. The legal system utilizes Juvenile Justice where the offenders are processed under different rules for the purpose of rehabilitation rather than punishment (unless dictated by the severity of the crime). Most delinquents are detained in juvenile detention centers and go through programs in a bid to rehabilitate and intervene in the development of the delinquent so as to manage and eventually turn the delinquent around from illegal and criminal behavior. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Program (2014) in 2011, "there were 4,367 arrests for every 100,000 youths ages 10 through 17 in the United States." While this is lower than the number of delinquency arrests in the '80s, the trend for violent offenses in terms of female delinquency is much higher at 2,617 per 100,000 youths. If there are currently 75 million American youths (considered to be juvenile being under 19 - with age varying from under 17 to under according to state), then in the US in 2011, there were at least 3.2 million arrests in relation to juvenile delinquency, Crime Solutions (2014) reports that, "in 2010, courts with juvenile jurisdiction disposed more than 1.3 million delinquency cases." The advocacy group also reports that 60% of American youth have been exposed to violence, crime or abuse in 2010 and 10% injured in the assault, which in most cases were perpetuated by their fellow youths in ...
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