Adam is 14 years old and plays basketball. Recently, he has been thirsty all the time, and he gets up to urinate several times during the night. Adam has lost 10 pounds and is so tired that he has missed basketball practices. What type of diabetes is likely affecting Adam? How does this condition need to be managed? Why is it important to maintain blood-sugar levels within the normal range in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes is marked persistently high blood glucose levels either due to insufficient insulin production or increased insulin resistance. High blood glucose leads to hyperosmolar state that causes polyuria and polydypsia. Inefficient glucose uptake by cells lead to weight loss and fatigue. Adam is suffering from type I diabetes. Its the condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. As the prime cause is lack of insulin rather than insulin resistance, it is managed by administering insulin. Insulin cannot be taken ...
This answer explains using a case study, the signs, symptoms and the pathogenesis behind diabetes. It also explains why is it important to maintain blood-sugar levels within the normal range in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.