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Pregnancy and Obesity

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Mary Jane is a 32-year-old female who is planning on becoming pregnant within the year. She has hypertension, and the doctor is placing her on another medication that is safer during pregnancy. She is about 20 pounds overweight (5'5" tall and weighs 145 pounds) and trying to lose weight. She provides you with a 3 day food record, in which she typically consumes two meals per day (lunch and dinner) and it tends to be low in calories, 1200, and high in protein (22% of her total calories from protein). The only exercise she does is walking around her building as she is an administrative assistant at a grade school.

Identify one disease Mary has that you can manage with diet and exercise.
How much exercise would you recommend for her?
List at least two nutrients, which includes the RDAs, Mary would have to consume prior to pregnancy.
Based on the fact she consumes 1200 calories with 22% of total calories from protein and consumes 2 meals per day, what would you recommend her to do differently?
How would your recommendations change if Mary was 22 years old, or 45 years old, or obese prior to pregnancy, or was underweight prior to pregnancy, or an athlete? You only need to choose one of the conditions to answer this question.

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Pre-Pregnacy Nutrition
Mary Jane is a 32-year-old female who is planning on becoming pregnant within the year. She has hypertension, and the doctor is placing her on another medication that is safer during pregnancy. She is about 20 pounds overweight (5'5" tall and weighs 145 pounds) and trying to lose weight. She provides you with a 3 day food record, in which she typically consumes two meals per day (lunch and dinner) and it tends to be low in calories, 1200, and high in protein (22% of her total calories from protein). The only exercise she does is walking around her building as she is an administrative assistant at a grade school.

Identify one disease Mary has that you can manage with diet and exercise.

The fact that Mary Jane is about 20 pounds overweight and trying to lose weight indicated that she has a disease known as obesity. Obesity can have an increase risk of ...

Solution Summary

The fact that Mary Jane is about 20 pounds overweight and trying to lose weight indicated that she has a disease known as obesity. Obesity can have an increase risk of various pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, infection, thrombosis, overdue pregnancy, labor problems, C-section, and pregnancy loss.

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Conditional Probability: Population Obesity and Teenage Pregnancies

1.a) Overweight? Choose an American adult at random. Define two events:

A= the person chosen is obese
B= the person chosen is overweight but not obese

According to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, P(A)=0.26 and P(B)=0.35. Explain why events A and B are disjoint.

1. b) Say in plain language what the event "A or B" is. What is P(AorB)?

1. c) If C is the event that the person chosen has normal weight or less, what is P(C)?

2. Older Women. Government data show that 6% of the American population are at least 75 years of age and that about 52% of Americans are women. Explain why it is wrong to conclude that because (0.06)(0.52)=0.0312 about 3% of the population are women aged 75 or older.

3.a) Teenage pregnancies. The U.S. National Center for Health Statistics reports for 2006 the distribution of teenage pregnancies by age range and ethnicity of the mother.
15 to 17 years old 18 to 19 years old
White 0.22 0.49
Black 0.09 0.17
Other 0.01 0.02

Overall, what percent of teenage pregnancies are in young mothers 15 to 17 years old?

3.b) What is the conditional probability that a teenage pregnancy is in a young mother 15 to 17 years old, given that she si classified as "white"?

3.c) What is the conditional probability that a teenage pregnancy is in a young mother 15 to 17 years old, given that she is classified as "black"?

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