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Nutritional needs for older adults

What are the nutritional needs for older adults (65+), introduction & conclusion?
What guidelines are recommended to this group for achieving and maintaining physical fitness?
What is the long-term outlook for this group in terms of longevity and quality of life?

Solution Preview

Older adults ages 65 and up generally need less calories than younger people. This is because basic body processes require less energy when there is a decline in physical activity, as is the case of many people in this age group. At the same time the absorption of nutrients tends to be lower in older adults because of age related changes in digestion. Thus they must consume nutrient dense foods in order to meet their nutritional needs. Foods fortified with vitamin B12 are recommended for people in this age group. Because constipation is a problem consuming foods high in fiber and getting adequate fluids are important goals. Foods high in fiber and low in fat include whole grain breads and cereals as well as fruits and vegetables. Also moderate amounts of low fat foods and dairy products should be included like meat poultry, fish , beans and eggs. Sweets and other high sugar foods, high calorie and high fat foods should be eaten sparingly.For many older adults 1600 calories should be consumed per day.

For older adults calcium becomes especially ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the nutritional needs for older adults ages 65 and up. It also includes guidelines that people of this age group may follow to achieve and maintain physical fitness.