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Nursing Theory Models and Practice

1. Describe and discuss core concept definitions of nursing models you think most closely approximates your nursing practice in your current role. (surgical pre-op case manager in a hospital). Provide examples that discuss common threads, differences in the models you choose. For example, you may choose Orem, Rogers, and Watson. Describe the similarities and differences in the concept for each theorist you choose. Please be sure to include APA references to support your responses.

2. Select and discuss a specific theorists' views on theory driven evidence-based practice. Describe and discuss application of a conceptual models/theories of your choice and how this is integrated into research/practice. Please be sure to include references in APA format.

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Hi,

One approach is to describe the models of nursing, which you can them draw on for your final copy. This is the approach this response takes and it keeps within the BrainMass policy for OTAs NOT to complete assignments or parts of assignments for students.

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RESPONSE:

1. Describe and discuss core concept definitions of nursing models you think most closely approximates your nursing practice in your current role.(surgical pre-op case manager in a hospital). Provide examples that discuss common threads, differences in the models you choose. For example, you may choose Orem, Rogers, and Watson. Describe the similarities and differences in the concept for each theorist you choose. Please be sure to include APA references to support your responses.

Let's look at Roger's, Orem's and Neuman's models. Similarly, each nursing theory has different ways of conceptualizing the four concepts in the nursing metaparadigm are:

(a) Person
? Recipient of care, including physical, spiritual, psychological, and socio-cultural components
? Individual, family, or community
(b) Environment
? All internal and external conditions, circumstances, and influences affecting the person

(c) Health
? Degree of wellness or illness experienced by the person

(d) Nursing
? Actions, characteristics and attributes of person giving care (Moore, 2002).

In other words, nursing theories/metaparadigms are holistic in that it conceptualizes nursing by including the four concepts of the person, environment, health and the nurse who is giving the care. Each tenet needs to be paid attention to and they interact as a whole. The following nursing theorists conceptualize these four tenets of the nursing paradigms in different way, but as you will see each theorist includes some aspect of the four tenets, which will apply to your profession.

1. Martha Rogers: Unitary Human Beings Theory

The concept of Unitary Health Care emerged from the dynamic and innovative work of the nursing academic Professor Martha E Rogers during the 1950s in New York. She created the conceptual health care system that became known throughout the world as the Science of Unitary Human Beings (Biley, 2002).

Following is a brief review of Rogers' (1970, 1992) system of postulates (energy fields, openness, pattern, pandimensionality) and principles (helicy, resonancy, integrality), a description of the Barrett theory of power (Biley, 2002).

(a) Energy fields are the fundamental unity of things that are unique, dynamic, open, and infinite e.g. unitary man and environmental field.
(b) Universe of open systems are energy fields are open, infinite, and interactive
(c) Pattern is characteristic of energy field; a wave that changes, becomes complex and diverse
(c) Four dimensionality; A nonlinear domain without time or space

The principles mentioned above are defined as follows:

(i) Integrality ? Continuous and mutual interaction between man and environment
(ii) Resonancy ? Continuous change longer to shorter wave patterns in human and environmental fields
(iii) Helicy ? Continuous, probabilistic, increasing diversity of the human and environmental fields; characterized by nonrepeating rhymicities; and change (Biley, 2002).

See Roger's website for other ideas at URL: http://medweb.uwcm.ac.uk/martha/ and the attached article for a complete overview and application to practice.

2. Dorothea Orem: Self-Care Model

The purpose of Dorothea Orem's Self Care Model is to allow individuals and their families to maintain control of their healthcare. Self-care is ongoing throughout the continuum of life and is forever ...

Solution Summary

By example, this solution describes and discusses core concept definitions of nursing models e.g. Roger, Orem, Neuman, Watson, including common threads, differences in the models, and specific theorists' views on theory driven evidence-based practice. It then describes and discusses the application of a conceptual models/theories and how they are integrated into research/practice. Supplemented with two comprehensive overviews of Rogers' and Watson's nursing theories. APA referencing.

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