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    Trends in Pharmacy Management

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    Several features of pharmacies have made the implementation of information systems necessary. First, a pharmacy deals with large numbers of well-defined data and tasks. Second, pharmacists readily accept these systems.

    A. Discuss how the pharmacist's role has changed with the use of pharmacy information systems. Does the pharmacist consider himself or herself a clinician? Explain your answer.

    B. What impact has the use of these information systems had on his or her clients/customers/patients?

    C. How do pharmacists view the importance of laboratory systems? Does this pharmacist have access to lab data? Explain your response.

    D. What are some of the trends pharmacists foresee in pharmacy information systems, and how will this change the pharmacist's role in the future? Do they think pharmacists should be able to write prescriptions?

    E. What is this pharmacist's organization role with e-prescribing? Is e-prescribing mandatory is this State?

    F. How do the clinical roles of retail and hospital-based pharmacists differ?

    G. Explain Pharmacogenomics.

    H. What changes in the next five years in the pharmacy information system (PIS) does the Pharmacist see to impact (1) patient quality of care, and (2) lower health costs?

    Provide Internet browser searches to support your responses to the questions. Be sure you have a supporting web reference embedded within each question and these references are current (published or updated within last three (3) years.)

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    Solution Preview

    Today, pharmacists do much more than simply fill prescriptions for customers. They have become
    advisors, managers, patient advocates, and promoters of public health. The pharmacist today sees himself
    or herself as a clinician, due to the focus on patient health, prevention of adverse health events, and the
    provision of guidance in explaining what prescriptions do and how to take them. Most pharmacists focus
    on prevent of adverse effects, by utilizing online e-prescribing applications to prevent drug interactions.
    Many pharmacists offer free or low cost vaccines as well, which means the pharmacist and staff will
    become more involved in preventive health care and advising customers on the best course of action.

    Information systems used in the pharmacy benefit the retail establishment, by improving efficiency.
    At the same time, they offer patients benefits like drug safety, education about how to take medications
    properly, and ways to help some populations achieve better health. Pharmacists make recommendations
    about over the counter products and sometimes help customers select products, based on symptoms.
    They do not diagnose. They simply fill a void where the physician's expertise is not needed. The
    pharmacist is a patient advocate, because typically the knowledge about standard dosages of medications
    used to treat various conditions allows errors in dosage and prescribing to be discovered, before it causes
    any harm to the patient (Hagland, 2012). As an educator, the pharmacist serves to help patients
    understand how they can do their part to achieve optimal health. Patients who understand the importance
    of medications in treatment protocols are more likely to be compliant, leading to potentially better health

    The interpretation of laboratory tests requires knowledge of what the results mean and considering
    all the possibilities, along a continuum of varied diagnoses. ...

    Solution Summary

    This document describes the current and future trends in pharmacy management, as well as advantages and disadvantages of pharmacists extending services in health care.