Describe the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhoea in detail. Please locate and include at least one public health information link or pamphlet. the mechanism of disease associated with your selection and discuss that in detail as well. Choose a social group or organization that a patient may belong to and describe the taboos or problems that may come up when planning treatment for this disease
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can affect both males and females. Gonorrhoea can affect the genital tract, rectum, eyes, throat, or joints. Since the genital tract is most commonly infected, that is what will be the focus of the following description.
Cause (Mayo Clinic, 2012; CDC, 2013):
-Infection by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. A person is infected with the bacteria during sexual contact with someone who already has gonorrhea.
Mechanism of Disease (CDC, 2013; Todar, 2012):
-N. gonorrhoeae grow the best in warm, moist environments such as the reproductive tract.
-N. gonorrhoeae attaches to the epithelial cells of the genital tract by using pili. They then replicate, increasing the numbers of bacteria present.
-The bacteria produce an endotoxin which can cause damage to the tissues, increase the immune response, and is likely responsible for many of the symptoms associated with the infection.
Signs and symptoms (Mayo Clinic, 2012):
-In some cases, gonorrhea causes no symptoms and a person may not know they are infected.
-Men: pain with urination, pus-like discharge from the penis, pain or swelling in one testicle
-Women: pain with urination, vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between periods, abdominal and/or pelvic pain
Risk factors (Mayo Clinic, 2012; CDC, 2013):
-New sex partner
-Multiple sex partners
-Having previously been diagnosed with ...
This article defines gonorrhea and gives a brief description of the mechanism of disease, causes, signs and symptoms, risk factors, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. There is also a discussion of problems that may arise with treating this particular sexually transmitted disease.